Skráningarfærsla handrits

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AM 226 fol.

Stjórn etc. ; Iceland, 1350-1499

Innihald

1 (1va-110ra:1)
Stjórn
Upphaf

Almattigr gud verandi satt | lios. huerr er liosit elskar | ok gerir alla hluti med liosi by|riandi rettliga. ok uel v|idr kięmiliga. heímsíns | skapan ok smið. af liosí|nu. á fyrsta degi

Niðurlag

Hann setti joachím hæra | enn huern aɴnan sinn undir konung. er uar i babilon. ok fæddi hann i sinni hall af sealfs sins bordi allt til dauda dags.

Notaskrá

Unger, Stjórn

Tungumál textans
norræna
Efnisorð
2 (110ra:2-129ra:31)
Rómverja sǫgur
Titill í handriti

her byriaz | vpp romuería sogur af Massimissa konungi

Upphaf

Sva segir sebastíus i sinni frasgn. Ek mun þær orrostor rit|a. er romueriar heldu imoti jugurtha konungi af numidia.

Niðurlag

ok er þat froðra manna sogn ok ra tala at þa væri liðít fra | upphafi heímsíns m ok dcccclx ok ij ar Ok lykr | þar nu ʀomueria sogum

Notaskrá

Konráð Gíslason, Fire og fyrretyve Prøver s. 108-252

Tungumál textans
norræna
3 (129ra:31-146vb:27)
Alexanders saga
Titill í handriti

her hefr vpp sogu Alexandro | magno. af Darius konungi capitulum

Upphaf

Daríus hefir konungr heitít. er. ʀeð fyrirí | serklandi. Hann var agietr. konungr. ok i þeim lu|ta heimsins er asia heitir

Niðurlag

þar voru til higatburdar vars herra Iesu Christi cc. ix. tigir ok ix vetr.

Notaskrá

Unger, Alexanders saga Var. app.

Finnur Jónsson, Alexanders saga Var. app.

Tungumál textans
norræna
4 (146vb:28-158rb)
Gyðinga saga
Upphaf

Alexandr hinn ʀiiki | ok hinn mikli konungr. þa er hann hafdi sigrat ok | undir sik lagt allar þiodir iheiminum | sem fyrr var ʀitat.

Niðurlag

Nu lẏkr þar þessi sgu. ok hafi þeir þock er hlẏddu. enn sa giall|di æigi sem las edr skrifadi.

Notaskrá

Guðmundur Þorláksson, Gyðinga saga

Wolf, Gyðinga saga

Tungumál textans
norræna

Lýsing á handriti

Blaðefni

Parchment.

Blaðfjöldi
iii + 158 + ii. After the prologue on fol. 1rb as well as on fols 61vb and 69vb, half of the column is blank. 377 mm x 290 mm.
Tölusetning blaða

Foliated 1-158 in the upper margin between the two columns by Kristian Kålund. On the verso of the first fly-leaf Kålund has noted: 158 bl. (+ 1 foran indklæbet, beskrevet papirblad) 12.02.1886. The columns are numbered 2-638 on the upper right-hand corner of the recto pages.

Umbrot

Written in two columns of 47 to 48 lines each. Rubrics in red.

Ástand

The codex is well preserved but not complete; a leaf is missing between fols 98 and 99 and between fols 99 and 100. In places the manuscript has been trimmed to such an extent that the text has suffered.

Skrifarar og skrift
Written by four different hands (see Wolf 1995xlv-xlvi and Þorbjörg Helgadóttir 2010xxxvii).

The main hand wrote fols fols. 1-61vb, 70ra-117ra, 117rb:9-47-158ra and fol. 158rb:5-41). The same hand also wrote parts of e.g. AM 233 a fol., AM 350 fol. (Skarðsbók), AM 325 X 4to & AM 325 VIII 3 a 4to, AM 347 fol. (Belgsdalsbók) and AM 73 b fol. (Bæjarbók á Rauðasandi). For an exhaustive list, see Drechsler 2021, 52 table 5.

Another hand wrote fols 117rb:1-8.

A third hand wrote fols 158rb:1-5.

Fols 62ra-69vb were written by a later hand, possibly from the fifteenth or early sixteenth century.

Skreytingar

There are a number of historiated initials illustrating the texts. Matthías Þórðarson ( Matthías Þórðarson 1931 s. 340 ) has identified the illuminator as the priest Magnús Þórhallsson, who illuminated Flateyarbók and also AM 139 4to. Matthías Þórðarson ( ibid. ) suggested that he also illuminated AM 343 fol., AM 347 fol. and Selma Jónsdóttir ( Selma Jónsdóttir 1971 s. 14 ) believed that Skarðsbók, AM 233 a fol., the sagas of bishops in Holm Perg 5 fol. (and other manuscripts) were all illuminated in the same place and probably by the same artist. This has, however, been refuted by both Guðbjörg Kristjánsdóir (Guðbjörg Kristjánsdóir, 24–25) and Liepe (Liepe 2009, 120–21).

According to Liepe (ibid. 78) Magnús Þórhallsson's paining of people is characterised by stiff postures with rectangular faces and eyes painted without pupils.

Inhabited initial on fol. 30va:28-33 (Genesis 25); Green and red initial A on a blue background. A priest in yellow chasuble and green gown is reading a book on a lectern, with his fingers on the book ( Icelandic Illuminated Manuscripts of the Middle Ages Plate 25a).

  • Initials with human faces and a single manicule:
  • Fol. 7vb:40-42 (Genesis 3,The Fall): Green initial H. The extension has flourishing in red ink. Inside the H the face of a bearded man with a drooping mouth is found (possibly Adam).
  • Fol. 35vb:12-14 (Genesis 27): Blue initial Þ. The extension has flourishing in red ink. Inside the Þ there is a blessing hand with extended index and second finger.
  • Fol. 97rb:7-9 (1 Kings 3, The Wisdom of Solomon): Green initial A. The extension has flourishing in red ink. Inside the A is the face of an angry woman wearing headgear.

  • Zoomorphic initials with grylli figures or dogs, all with Romanesque windings:
  • Fol. 4va:28-30: Red initial A contains a two-legged dog. The space within the initial is decorated with a dark blue flourishing on a dark blue lattice.
  • Fol. 11ra:3-6: Green initial N contains a dog on a blue background. Flourishing in red and blue.
  • Fol. 15ra:15-18: Blue, red and green A contains two two-legged grylli figures.
  • Fol. 25va:24-26: Red O contains a grylli figure with a human face on a green background.
  • Fol. 37vb:7-9: Dark red initial O conatains a wolf or a dog.
  • Fol. 44ra:19-21: Dark red initial A contains a dog on a green background.
  • Fol. 55ra:5-7: Red initial H contains a winged grylli figure on a blue background.
  • Fol. 57vb:41-43: Dark red initial F conatians a two-legged grylli figure on a green background.
  • Fol. 61ra:19-21: Blue initial Þ contains a dog on a green background.
  • Fol. 78rb:4-8: Blue initial S contains two grylli figures on a green background, one for each part of the S. The extension has flourishing in red ink.
  • Fol. 92vb:22-24: Green initial F contains a two-legged dog on a blue background.
  • Fol. 93va:13-16: Red initial A contains a winged dog on a green background (Illuminated manuscript production in Medieval Iceland 113 Figure 72, "Zoomorphic initial").
  • Fol. 96ra:14-16: Red initial B contains a two-legged grylli figure on a green background ( Illuminated manuscript production in Medieval Iceland 156 Figure 117, "Zoomorphic ornamentation" ).
  • Fol. 108vb:39-42: Blue initial N decorated with yellow leaves contains a two-legged grylli figure with a human face wearing a yellow pointed hood with dark red lining.
  • Fol. 116ra:43-47: Blue and green initial N on a green background that is divided into three triangular sections, with a two-legged grylli figures in each one. The middle grylli has wings.
  • Fol. 128rb:15-18: Dark red initial N contains a grylli figure with wings on its head depicted on a green background.
  • Fol. 133va:11-14: Initial N contains a sheep (?) that is being attacked by an eagle.
  • Fol. 137vb:35-38: Dark red initial A contains a two-legged grylli figure with a human face and pointed hood on a green background.
  • Fol. 143ra:24-27: Dark red initial P contains two two-legged grylli figures wrapped in the same piece of cloth.
  • Fol. 146vb:28-35: Two dogs chasing parts of the ornamentation (Illuminated manuscript production in Medieval Iceland 112 Figure 71, "Zoomorphic initial")
  • Fol. 151va:20-25: Red and blue initial A divided into 3 sections. In the bottom section two arches can be seen, but as the green ink has faded, the picture cannot be made out. The middle section consists of red flourishing and foliage. The upper section contains two arches with a two-legged grylli figures in each on a dark blue lattice background.

Where there are no other initials, every chapter in the mansucript has (dark) red, (dark) blue or green Romanesque initials, flourished or with leaves. They all have extensions. All of these lesser initials cover 3 to 4 lines. Generally, the initials have flourishing in a contrasting colour. The later addition, fols 62-69, however, has no initials.

Spássíugreinar og aðrar viðbætur

There are few marginal notes. Fol. 158v was originally blank, but some scribblings have been added at a later date. Fol. 95r (top margin) contains a name written in runes: ᚯᚦᚦᚾᛁ ᛒᛂᚾᛂᚦᛁᛎᛐᛋ ᚦᚯᛐᛐᛂᚱ (= øþþni beneþicts þøtter, i.e. Auðni Benediktsdóttir).

Band

Leather blind tooled binding. 390 mm x 300 mm x 85 mm.

The decoration consists of a blind tooling with several frames.

Fylgigögn

There is a slip in Thorlacius' hand saying: Syne Mynum Thorlake Þordarsyne | Gief eg Undskrifadur Þessa Bok | Hvoria Mier gaf Mÿnn Eruverdugur | Konu Fader Gisle Magnusson / og | fieck hann hana ad Erfdum epter synn | fodur Magnus Biornsson Løgmann, | So Bokenn er Vel under komen, og | Vafalaus ad mÿnu vïte. Tilskil eg ad | Thorlakur Þordarson frænde mÿnn fare | vel med þessa bok, og Liäe hana Brodur | sÿnum Brinjolfe Þordarsine./ | Skalhollte þann 2 Decembris | Anno 1689. Þordur Thorlaksson mp.

Below this, Árni Magnússon has added: Anno 1708. sidarst i Majo eignadist eg underskrifadur | þessa bok af Monsieur Brynjolfe Þordarsyne | Arne Magnusson.

Uppruni og ferill

Uppruni

Written in Iceland c. 1360-70, s. XV2 and c. 1350-60.

Kålund's dating ( Katalog I 182 ): last part of the fourteenth century and the fifteenth century (fols 62-69).

Ferill

The history of the manuscript cannot be traced with certainty further back than to the lögmaður Gísli Þórðarson (c. 1545-1619), its first documented owner. On fol. 158v there is a note, nearly entirely erased, stating: Gÿslle Þordar son á þesa bok.

How the codex was passed from Gísli to its next owners, a family in Munkaþverá, cannot be determined with certainty. Wolf (ibid.) assumes that Gísli passed the codex on to his son-in-law, Magnús Björnsson (c. 1595-1662), lögmaður in Munkaþverá. Árni Magnússon, however, writes in AM 435 a 4to, fol. 3v, that in his opinion the manuscript was passed on to Magnús' son, Björn Magnússon (1623-97), by Eggert Biörnsson of Skarð (1612-81): Magnus Björnsson ætladi Biörn | Magnusson (broder Gisla) bokina fein-|ged hafa af Eggert Biörnssyne ä | Skarde.

According to the slip written by Bishop Þórður Þorláksson (Thorlacius) (1637-97) and fol. 3v in Árni Magnússon's catalogue of Icelandic parchment manuscripts (AM 435 a 4to), the manuscript then belonged to the Munkaþverá family, the lögmaður Magnús Björnsson (1595-1662) and his two sons, Gísli (1621-96) and Björn (1623-97), both of whom were sheriffs ( sýslumenn).

Gísli then gave the manuscript to his son-in-law, Thorlacius, who gave it to his son, Þorlákur Þórðarson (1675-97). Þorlákur lent it to his brother Brynjólfur Þórðarson (1681-1762), who in turn gave it to Árni Magnússon.

In AM 435 a 4to, fols 1v-3v, Árni Magnússon writes: Historia Biblica veteris Testamenti, | vulgò Stiorn. ä 109. bldum. Endast | eins og 4tus liber Regum. Titellenn er | þesse: Her hefr upp prologum epter fyrir sogn virduligs herra Haconar konungs. | Romveria Sogur ä 19. bl;dum. Er | 1°. Salustii bellum Jugurthinum. | 2°. Fra vidskiptum Syllæ og Marii. | 3°. Salustii bellum Catilinarium. | 4°. Lucani pharsalia med stuttre Con-|tinuatione historiæ Romanæ aptan-|vid. Sc: Bello Cæsaris cum Juba Re-|ge: Morte Catonis: Nece Julii Cæsaris: | Bellis Antonii et Augusti: Regno Au-|gusti: og endast so þetta med Nati-|vitate Christi. | Alexandri Magni Saga ä 18. bldum. Historia Judaica ä 11 1/2 bldum. Byr-|iazt eins og liber 1-us Machabæorum, | og innehelldur smu historiu sem liber | primus, þö langtum fyllre, og sumstad-|ar druvïs. Continuerar sidan res Ari-|stobuli og epterfylgiande konunga | alika og Josephus hefur inn til finem | libri xvij. Antiqvitatt. Judaicc. enn | miklu brevius. | þä byriast med nyium title. | Her hefr upp oc segir fra Tirus konungi oc af pilato Syni hans. Er um upp-|runa Pilati, hans promotion og enda-|lykt. Item um Judæ Ischariotæ fæ-|ding og uppelde. allra sidarst hier i | stendur: þessa bok færdi hinn hei-|lage Jeronimus prestr or ebresku mali | ok i latinu. enn or Latinu oc i | Norrænu Sneri brandr prestr Jonsson er sidan var biskup at Holum. ok sva | Alexandro Magno eptir bodi virduligs | herra herra Magnusar konungs son-|ar Hakonar konungs gamla. | bokin er i folio meir enn regali. | Eg eignadizt hana 1708. af Monsenieur Bryn-|iolfe Þordarsyne ä Hlidarenda. hann erf-|de hana epter fdur sinn. Mag. Þordur | feck hana af Gisla Magnussyne. Gisle | epter fdur sinn Magnus Birnsson lg-|mann. Magnus Birnsson ætladi Birn | Magnusson (broder Gisla) bokina fein-|ged hafa af Eggert Birnssyne ä | Skarde.

Aðföng

Árni Magnússon acquired the manuscript from Brynjólfur Þórðarson in 1708.

Aðrar upplýsingar

Skráningarferill

Catalogued 30. júní 2002 by EW-J and AMH.

Viðgerðarsaga

The manuscript had been restored some time before Birgitte Dall started as restorer at The Arnamagnæan Collection, as can be seen from some of the glassine and parchment repairs.

28 July 1975-1 August 1975: 2 leaves were smoothed by Birgitte Dall.

11 January 1998-15 May 1999: the manuscript was restored again.

13 May 1996-28 September 1996: lent out to The University Library (Universitetsbiblioteket) in Oslo for a Bible exhibition.

4 January 1970-13 July 1970: lent out to The University Library of Iceland (Háskólabókasafn) in Reykjavík for use by Ian J. Kirby.

Myndir af handritinu

  • 70 mm, 92, s.d. (supplementary photographs, prior to restoration).
  • 70 mm, 2, s.d. (prior to restoration).
  • Diapositives from mars 1984.
  • Diapositives from 22. apríl 1998 (colour photographs of the initials on 22v, 30v, 34v, 70r, 79r, 81v, 88r and 96v).
  • Diapositives from 25. nóvember 1998 (4x5" colour diapositives of fols 1r-v, 11r, 12r-v, 15r, 18r, 20r, 22r, 25r, 27r-v, 30v, 34v, 51r, 55r, 61v-62r, 69v-70r, 72r, 78r, 81v, 88r, 96v, 108v, 109v-110r, 129r, 146v, 151v, 156r, 158v. Detail of initial A on fol. 167r).
  • Black and white prints from júlí 1964.

Notaskrá

Titill: Alexanders saga
Ritstjóri / Útgefandi: Finnur Jónsson
Titill: Icelandic Illuminated Manuscripts of the Middle Ages,
Ritstjóri / Útgefandi: Halldór Hermannsson
Umfang: VII
Höfundur: Selma Jónsdóttir
Titill: Árbók hins Íslenzka fornleifafélags, Gjafaramynd í Íslenzku handriti
Umfang: s. 5-19
Höfundur: Fett, Harry
Titill: Miniatyrer fra islandske haandskrifter, Bergens Museums Aarbog
Umfang: 7
Höfundur: Fett, Harry
Titill: Noregs Malerkunst i Middelalderen,
Umfang:
Höfundur: Matthías Þórðarsson
Titill: Nordisk kultur, Islands middelalderkunst
Umfang: XXVII
Höfundur: Konráð Gíslason
Titill: Um frum-parta Íslenzkrar túngu í fornöld
Titill: Katalog over Den Arnamagnæanske Håndskriftsamling
Ritstjóri / Útgefandi: Kålund, Kristian
Titill: , Gyðinga saga
Ritstjóri / Útgefandi: Wolf, Kirsten
Umfang: 42
Höfundur: Kirby, Ian J.
Titill: Bible Translation in Old Norse
Höfundur: Liepe, Lena
Titill: Studies in Icelandic Fourteenth Century Book Painting, Snorrastofa
Umfang: Rit 6
Titill: , Alexanders saga: The Arna-Magnæan Manuscript 519a, 4to
Ritstjóri / Útgefandi: Jón Helgason
Umfang: VII
Höfundur: Kålund, Kristian
Titill: Palæografisk Atlas: Oldnorsk-islandsk Afdeling
Titill: , Gyðinga saga
Ritstjóri / Útgefandi: Wolf, Kirsten
Umfang: XLII
Titill: STUAGNL, Gyðinga saga: En bearbejdelse fra midten af det 13 Årh. ved Brandr Jónsson
Ritstjóri / Útgefandi: Guðmundur Þorláksson
Umfang: VI
Höfundur: Seip, Didrik Arup
Titill: Nordisk Kultur, Palæografi, B: Norge og Island
Umfang: XXVIII:B
Höfundur: Selma Jónsdóttir
Titill: Lýsingar i Stjórnar-handriti
Höfundur: Stefán Karlsson
Titill: , Om norvagismer i islandske håndskrifter
Umfang: s. 87-101
Titill: Rómverja saga
Ritstjóri / Útgefandi: Þorbjörg Helgadóttir
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