Skráningarfærsla handrits

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AM 47 fol.

Noregs konunga sǫgur ; Iceland, 1300-1325

Athugasemd
This early fourteenth-century manuscript, the so-called Eirspennill, derives its name from the copper clasp used to fasten the cover. The manuscript contains the last part of Heimskringla (starting with Magnús saga góða) and in addition Sverris saga, Bǫglunga sǫgur and Hákonar saga Hákonarsonar.

Innihald

1 (1r:1-17)
Leiðarvísir (Prologue)
Upphaf

Sva er kallat | or land norðri

Niðurlag

annaʀ hlvtr iarðar heiter af|frika

Notaskrá

Kålund, Alfræði íslenzk I s. 8:27-10:3

Simek, Altnordische Kosmographie 432

Athugasemd

Addition from the fourteenth century; written in the upper part of the originally blank leaf, 1r.

Tungumál textans
norræna
Efnisorð
2 (1v-72v:4)
Heimskringla
Tungumál textans
norræna
Efnisorð
2.1 (1v-10r:1)
Magnús saga góða
Titill í handriti

Vpphaf Sueins konvngs

Upphaf

S |verit settr til rikis a vinlande i iomsborg

Niðurlag

en hallda þeso ʀiki ær guð hefir mik eignazc latit.

Notaskrá

Finnur Jónsson, Eirspennill s. 1-33:22

Unger, Heimskringla eller Noregs Kongesagaer af Snorre Sturlasøn s. 503:5-545

Athugasemd

The first six chapters introducing Sveinn Alfísuson are taken from Ólafs saga helga and serve as a foreword to Magnús saga ins góða, starting with chapter 7.

Efnisorð
2.2 (10r-29v:3)
Haralds saga Harðráða
Titill í handriti

Vpphaf saugu Haralldz konungs Sigvrðar sonar

Upphaf

HAralldr son Sigurðar syr broðer.

Niðurlag

uar hann vinsæll konvngr af allri alþyðo

Notaskrá

Finnur Jónsson, Eirspennill s. 33:24-103:31

Unger, Heimskringla eller Noregs Kongesagaer af Snorre Sturlasøn s. 546-628

Efnisorð
2.3 (29v:3-30v:31)
Ólafs saga kyrra
Titill í handriti

Fra olaui kyʀa

Upphaf

OLafr var einn konungr yfir noregi eptir andlat Magnus broðor sins.

Niðurlag

ok hafðe noregr mikit auðgaz ok pryz under hans ʀiki

Notaskrá

Finnur Jónsson, Eirspennill s. 103:32-108

Unger, Heimskringla eller Noregs Kongesagaer af Snorre Sturlasøn s. 629-635

Efnisorð
2.4 (30v:31-36v:34)
Magnús saga berfætts
Titill í handriti

Vpphaf Magnus konvngs berbeins

Upphaf

MAgnus son Olafs konvngs var þegar til konungs tekinn

Niðurlag

tokő | sǫ kőm synir Magnus konvngs hann í inn mesta kęrleik.

Notaskrá

Finnur Jónsson, Eirspennill s. 109-129:15

Fornmanna sögur VII s. 1-73:2 Ed. A

Unger, Heimskringla eller Noregs Kongesagaer af Snorre Sturlasøn s. 636-660

Efnisorð
2.5 (36v:34-47r:4)
Magnússona saga
Titill í handriti

Vphaf þeira. sona magnus. berbeins eysteins. sigurðar oláfs

Upphaf

EPTir fall Magnus konvngs berfætz toko synir hans konvngdom ínoregi

Niðurlag

ok var hans ǫlld goð landz folkino var þa bæðe ar ok friðr

Notaskrá

Finnur Jónsson, Eirspennill s. 129:16-163

Fornmanna sögur VII s. 74-174 Ed. A

Storm, Sigurd Ranessöns Proces 30-40 Þinga þáttr, fols 40v-41v.

Unger, Heimskringla eller Noregs Kongesagaer af Snorre Sturlasøn s. 661-702

Efnisorð
2.6 (47r:4-52r:33)
Magnús saga blinda ok Haralds gilla
Titill í handriti

Vpp haf rikis Magnus ok harallz Gilla

Upphaf

MAgnus son sigurðar konvngs var tekinn til konvngs í óslu

Niðurlag

haʀalldr konvngr var | iarðaðr í kristzkirkio inne forno

Notaskrá

Finnur Jónsson, Eirspennill s. 164-182:30

Fornmanna sögur VII s. 175-205 Ed. A

Unger, Heimskringla eller Noregs Kongesagaer af Snorre Sturlasøn s. 703-723

Efnisorð
2.7 (52r:33-59v:18)
Haraldssona saga
Titill í handriti

Vpphaf Sigurðar ok inga konvnga

Upphaf

INgiriðr drottning ok með henni | lendir menn ok hirðmenn

Niðurlag

af slikom raðom simunskalpr óf hialpazc

Notaskrá

Finnur Jónsson, Eirspennill s. 182:31-207

Fornmanna sögur VII s. 206-251 Ed. A

Unger, Heimskringla eller Noregs Kongesagaer af Snorre Sturlasøn s. 724-755

Efnisorð
2.8 (59v:18-63v:28)
Hákonar saga herðibreiðs
Titill í handriti

orrvsta i konunga hellv

Upphaf

HAkon son Sigurðar konvngs var tekinn til hǫfðingia yfir flock þann er aðr hafðe fylgt eysteini konvngi

Niðurlag

En þeir hakonar menn tóko upp brvðk|psveizlona alla ok stormikit lútskipti annat

Notaskrá

Finnur Jónsson, Eirspennill s. 208-223

Fornmanna sögur VII s. 252-278:22 Ed. A

Unger, Heimskringla eller Noregs Kongesagaer af Snorre Sturlasøn s. 756-774:15

Efnisorð
2.9 (63v:28-72v:4)
Magnús saga Erlingssonar
Titill í handriti

fra erlingi orms. syni ok lendum maunnum

Upphaf

HAkon konvngr lagðe þa land allt undir sík

Niðurlag

en | erlingr Iarl faðer hans. sem hann var yngri

Notaskrá

Unger, Heimskringla eller Noregs Kongesagaer af Snorre Sturlasøn s. 778-812

Finnur Jónsson, Eirspennill s. 224-254

Efnisorð
3 (72v:4-129r:7)
Sverris saga
Notaskrá

Karl Jónsson & Þorleifur Hauksson, Sverris saga Var.app. E.

Finnur Jónsson, Eirspennill s. 256-438

Fornmanna sögur VIII s. 7-448

Unger, Konunga sögur, Sagaer om Sverre og hans Efterfølgere s. 2:4-202

Tungumál textans
norræna
Efnisorð
3.1 (72v:4-19)
Prologus
Titill í handriti

prologus firi Sueʀis saugv

Upphaf

Her hefr upp ok segir fra þeim tiþendum er nu hafa verit um hrið

Niðurlag

er verit hafa iforneskiu

Notaskrá

Finnur Jónsson, Eirspennill s. 255

Fornmanna sögur VIII s. 5-6 Ed. G

Efnisorð
3.2 (72v:19-129r:7)
Sverris saga
Titill í handriti

Vpphaf sꜹgv Sueʀis konungs

Upphaf

HROJ byskup var þann tima ifæreyíum

Niðurlag

uar hann þa uetr gamall haufðo þa suiar iarl broklausan

Efnisorð
4 (129r:8-139r)
Bǫglunga sǫgur
Titill í handriti

Vpp haf hakonar sueʀis sunar er hann var tíl konungs tekiɴ

Upphaf

ÐAt sama sumaʀ ær suerrir konungr andaðiz um varit

Niðurlag

sa er hestskuana ger|ði het þorðr uettir

Notaskrá

Finnur Jónsson, Eirspennill s. 439-470

Unger, Konunga sögur, Sagaer om Sverre og hans Efterfølgere s. 203-238

Tungumál textans
norræna
Efnisorð
5 (139v-194v)
Hákonar saga Hákonarsonar
Titill í handriti

her hefr saugv hakonar konungs hakonar sonar hins krunaða

Upphaf

A DAUGUM innocencij paua þes ær inn þriði

Niðurlag

þa syslu menn eptir þat

Notaskrá

Finnur Jónsson, Eirspennill s. 471-664

Fornmanna sögur IX s. 229-535 Ed. G

Fornmanna sögur X s. 1-108 Ed. G

Unger, Konunga sögur, Sagaer om Sverre og hans Efterfølgere s. 239-456:26

Tungumál textans
norræna
Efnisorð

Lýsing á handriti

Blaðefni

Parchment.

Blaðfjöldi
195. 295 mm x 234 mm.
Tölusetning blaða

Foliated 1-194 (including 1bis) by Kristian Kålund. The manuscript is paginated in the upper right-hand corners of some of the recto-pages and in the upper left-hand corners of some of the verso-pages.

From p. 60 only every tenth page is paginated: 60, 70, 80 etc. up to 200.

Umbrot

The manuscript has rubrics in red and initials in green. The text is written in one column with 32-34 lines per page.

Ástand

Even though many of the leaves are torn, the manuscript is well preserved. The upper and lower parts of fol. 1 are, however, damaged and only a thin strip of the originally second leaf (foliated 1bis) is extant. The lower part of fol. 92 has been cut out and a leaf is missing between fols 193 and 194. The manuscript ends defectively (approximately six leaves are missing).

Skrifarar og skrift
Written by two main hands and a third who filled in most of the rubrics.

The prologue and the text of Heimskringla (1r-72v:4) are written in a practiced Icelandic Gothic bookhand. The script has not been found in any other extant manuscripts.

The second part of the manuscript, 72v:4-194, is written in a hand contemporary to the first. This hand also is also found in a fragment of Knýtlinga saga, AM 20b II fol..

A third hand wrote most of the chapter headings. Stéfan Karlsson identified this hand as the hand of AM 221 fol.

Skreytingar

  • Fol. 1v: Littera florissa S in five lines with branches and leaves.
  • Fol. 72v: Littera florissa H in five lines with a geometric motif with foliage.
  • Fol. 129r: Littera florissa D in five lines with branches and leaves opening Bǫglungasǫgur.
  • Fol. 139v: Littera florissa A in four lines with branches and leaves opening Hákonarsaga. Extender with foliage in the left margin.
  • Fol. 143v: a Littera florissa Ð in six lines with branches and leaves.

Spássíugreinar og aðrar viðbætur

  • Up to fol. 60 the content of the chapter was written in the top margins of the manuscript as a guide to the person who would write the rubrics.
  • In the top margin of fol. 1r an extract of abbot Nikolás’ Leiðarvísir is written.
  • On fol. 1r two names Pros Lauritzönn manu propria and Juer Jenssen are found.
  • In the lower margin of fol. 2r the roman numerals I to M are written in a medieval hand.
  • In the lower margin of fol. 3v an extract in seven lines of a prayer in Latin can be found.

Further marginalia in Latin, Icelandic-Norwegian and Danish from the sixteenth century. Most often they are concerning the content of the text. Occasional dates and corrections by Árni Magnússon.

Band

Bound in the original leather binding with a brass clasp, from which the manuscript derives its name. Size of binding: 295 mm x 234 mm x 85 mm

Uppruni og ferill

Uppruni

Written in Iceland, in the beginning of the fourteenth century.

Some researchers, e.g. Finnur Jónsson ( Finnur Jónsson 1916 s. xvii ) considered Norway the place of origin of the manuscript. However, due to occasional hypercorrect Norwegian forms in the text, Stefán Karlsson (Stefán Karlsson 197859) proposed that Eirspennill was produced in an Icelandic scriptorium, exporting manuscripts to Norway.

Ferill

Information on the owners of the manuscript can be found in the marginalia and in Árni Magnússon’s notes in AM 435a 4to

  • The first known owner of the manuscript was the Norwegian Þróndr Gerðarsson (or Garðarsson), archbishop of Nidaros from 1371-81; cf. fol. 57v (top margin): Iste liber est throndonís gerdarí Canonici Nidrosíensis . As such the manuscript may have found its way to Norway shortly after it was written.
  • Two Norwegians wrote their names Pros Lauritzönn manu propria og Juer Jenssen on fol. 1r in the 16th century, presumably they both owned the volume. They can be identified as Iver Jensen Jernskæg of Fritsø (✝ 1570 who was born in Denmark) and his son-in-law Pros Lavritssøn (Hørby) of Nørholm (✝ 1596).
  • It appears, however, as if Eirspennill was in Denmark even before the death of Iver Jernskæg; In the lower margin of fol. 194v a hand that has been identified as Anders Sørensen Vedel’s wrote: 26 Maij | Anno 70 | a B: A: (See Akhøj Nielsen 2004 I s. 232-233 and 249-250 ).
  • Together with AM 45 fol. this manuscript belonged to both Otto Friis and Jens Rosenkrantz. See f. 37v in AM 435 a 4to. Here Árni Magnússon tells that Friis gave the manuscript to Rosenkrantz.

Aðföng

Árni Magnússon acquired the manuscript after the death of Jens Rosenkrantz in 1695. On fol. 37v in AM 435 4to he wrote: Snorra Sturlusonar æfi Noregs konunga | tekr til ä Sveine Alfiſusyne. | Sverris Saga. | Hakonar Saga Hakonarsonar, vantar | nockud lited aptan vid. | Þesse bok er og ligesom AM 45 fol. komin fra Otto Friis til Rosencrantz, og epter hann | lidinn eignadizt eg bokina. er in fol.

Aðrar upplýsingar

Skráningarferill

Catalogued 18. október 1999 by EW-J. Latest update 27. júní 2022.

Viðgerðarsaga

I ágúst 1928 the manuscript was restored by Anker Kyster and new flyleaves were added.

The first two leaves, the entire spine and the clasp were restored 4 December 1968 to 21 January 1969.

Exhibited in Oslo (Universitetets oldsaksamling) 29 February to 8 August 1972.

Lent to Rigsarkivet for the archivistH. C. Bjerg 17-25 May 1976.

Myndir af handritinu

  • 70 mm, 70mm 35, s.d.
  • Black and white prints, AM 47 fol., s.d.
  • Microfilm (original), Neg. 619, from nóvember 1981.
  • Microfilm (archive), Pos. 570, from nóvember 1981.
  • Black and white prints from nóvember 1981 (supplementary photographs).

Notaskrá

Höfundur: Kjeldsen, Alex Speed
Titill: Bemærkninger til pronomenet sjá og dets middelalderlige historie, Opuscula XIII
Umfang: s. 243-287
Höfundur: Jakobsen, Alfred
Titill: , "Fusk" i en kongesagaavskrift?
Umfang: s. 134-140
Höfundur: Thorlacius, Skulo Theodiri
Titill: Antiqvitatum borealium observationes miscellaneæ
Titill: Antiquités Russes
Ritstjóri / Útgefandi: Rafn, C. C.
Höfundur: Louis-Jensen, Jonna
Titill: Kongesagastudier: Kompilationen Hulda-Hrokkinskinna,
Umfang: XXXII
Höfundur: Jørgensen, Jon Gunnar
Titill: The lost vellum Kringla,
Umfang: XLV
Höfundur: Kjeldsen, Alex Speed
Titill: Filologiske studier i kongesagahåndskriftet Morkinskinna,
Umfang: Supplementum 8
Höfundur: Snorri Sturluson
Titill: Heimskringla III,
Ritstjóri / Útgefandi: Bjarni Aðalbjarnarson
Umfang: 28
Titill: Jóns saga Hólabyskups ens helga,
Ritstjóri / Útgefandi: Foote, Peter
Umfang: XIV
Höfundur: Finnur Jónsson
Titill: Arkiv för nordisk filologi, Sverrissaga
Umfang: 36
Titill: Grönlands historiske Mindesmærker
Ritstjóri / Útgefandi: Det kongelige nordiske Oldskrift-Selskab
Höfundur: Magerøy, Hallvard
Titill: Ei fallgruve i prologen til Sverris saga, Festskrift til Ludvig Holm-Olsen
Umfang: s. 246-254
Höfundur: Magerøy, Hallvard
Titill: Om skyldskapen mellom tekstene i fremre delen av Sverris saga (kap. 1-100),
Umfang: 3-4
Höfundur: Jensen, Helle
Titill: , Fragmenter af et kongesagahåndskrift fra det 13. århundrede
Umfang: s. 24-73
Titill: Heimskringla eller Noregs Kongesagaer af Snorre Sturlasøn
Ritstjóri / Útgefandi: Unger, C. R.
Titill: Safn til sögu Íslands og Íslenzkra bókmenta að fornu og nýju
Ritstjóri / Útgefandi: Jón Þorkelsson
Umfang: I
Höfundur: Louis-Jensen, Jonna
Titill: , To håndskrifter fra det nordvestlige Island
Umfang: s. 219-253
Höfundur: Louis-Jensen, Jonna
Titill: Heimskringla - Et værk af Snorri Sturluson?, Nordica Bergensia
Umfang: 14
Höfundur: Louis-Jensen, Jonna
Titill: , Anders Sørensen Vedel og Guðbrandur Þorláksson
Umfang: s. 235-242
Höfundur: Wright, Jon
Titill: Opuscula XVII, Småstykker 3. The Hand of NKS 133 f 4to, f. 25v
Umfang: s. 226-229
Höfundur: Jón Helgason
Titill: , Om perg. fol. nr 8 og AM 304 4to
Umfang: s. 1-24
Titill: Katalog over Den Arnamagnæanske Håndskriftsamling
Ritstjóri / Útgefandi: Kålund, Kristian
Höfundur: Karl Jónsson
Titill: Sverris saga,
Ritstjóri / Útgefandi: Þorleifur Hauksson
Umfang: XXX
Titill: , Gyðinga saga
Ritstjóri / Útgefandi: Wolf, Kirsten
Umfang: 42
Höfundur: Holm-Olsen, Ludvig
Titill: , Til diskusjonen om Sverres sagas tilblivelse
Umfang: s. 55-67
Höfundur: Cormack, Margaret
Titill: , The "holy bishop Licius" in AM 194 8vo
Umfang: s. 187-192
Höfundur: Overgaard, Mariane
Titill: , Manuscripta Rosencrantziana
Umfang: s. 262-285
Höfundur: Widding, Ole
Titill: , Håndskriftanalyser. Én eller flere skrivere
Umfang: s. 81-93
Höfundur: Widding, Ole
Titill: , En forbindelse imellem Sverris saga (AM 81a, fol.) og Hectors saga
Umfang: s. 94-96
Höfundur: Widding, Ole
Titill: , Conscientia i norrøne oversættelser
Umfang: s. 48-51
Höfundur: Widding, Ole
Titill: , Håndskriftanalyser
Umfang: s. 65-75
Titill: Sigurd Ranessöns Proces
Ritstjóri / Útgefandi: Storm, Gustav
Titill: Alfræði Íslenzk: Islandsk encyklopædisk Litteratur, STUAGNL
Ritstjóri / Útgefandi: Kålund, Kristian
Umfang: I: 1. Cod. MBR. AM. 194,8°
Höfundur: Storm, Gustav
Titill: Snorre Sturlassöns Historieskrivning
Höfundur: Hellberg, Staffan
Titill: Arkiv för nordisk filologi, Kring tillkomsten av Glælognskviða
Umfang: 99
Höfundur: Stefán Karlsson
Titill: Kringum Kringlu, Nýr flokkur, Árbók 1976 (Landsbókasafn Íslands)
Umfang: 2
Höfundur: Stefán Karlsson
Titill: , Om norvagismer i islandske håndskrifter
Umfang: 3-4
Höfundur: Stefán Karlsson
Titill: Islandsk bogeksport til Norge i middelalderen,
Umfang: s. 1-17
Höfundur: Sverrir Tómasson
Titill: Perfecta fortituto, , Sjötíu ritgerðir helgaðar Jakobi Benediktssyni
Umfang: 12
Höfundur: Sverrir Tómasson
Titill: Gripla, Ferðir þessa heims og annars
Umfang: 12
Titill: Konunga sögur, Sagaer om Sverre og hans Efterfølgere
Ritstjóri / Útgefandi: Unger, C. R.
Höfundur: Nielsen, Marita Akhøj
Titill: Anders Sørensen Vedels filologiske arbejder
Umfang: I-II
Höfundur: Ólafur Halldórsson
Titill: Um Húsafellsbók, Minjar og menntir
Umfang: s. 391-406
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