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AM 76 8vo

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Theological Manual; Denmark, 1460-1480

Name
Per Reff Lyllæ 
Occupation
Monk? 
Roles
Poet 
More Details
Name
Urban V 
Birth
1310 
Death
1370 
Occupation
Pope (1362-1370) 
Roles
addresee 
More Details
Name
Kålund, Kristian Peter Erasmus 
Birth
19 August 1844 
Death
04 July 1919 
Occupation
Librarian, scholar 
Roles
Scholar 
More Details
Name
Adams, Jonathan 
Birth
19 December 1971 
Occupation
 
Roles
Cataloguer 
More Details

Contents

1(1r-2r:8)
Ret elskovens dyd
Incipit

REth elscuens dydh met sangh oc | frydh

Explicit

“Heya heyæ sydhen førstæ synnæ iek | hynnæ kendhæ”

Note

A love-poem

Language of Text

Danish

Keywords

2(2r:9-6r)
Songs to the Virgin Mary
Incipit

Alle- e- lu- ya- a- a- | a- a AVe- e benedicta- a ma-|ria

Explicit

“O lilium conuallium / dux c nos post au exilium / | celica et gaudia / cum bonis AmEN”

Note

Includes a short quotation from a hagiographic poem (hexameter) on fol. 4r:6; with musical notation.

Language of Text

Latin

Keywords

3(6v)
Song to St Nicholas
Incipit

Nicolae solempnia- a sua- prece- | e familia- a- a

Explicit

“Gaude gaude gaude gaude gaude pater nicolae | nicolae. Amen.”

Note

With musical notation.

Language of Text

Latin

Keywords

4(7r-8r)
Versiculi et annotationesShort Verses and Notes
Incipit

virtus nobilitat hominem virtute relicta | migrat exilium nobilitatis honoris

Explicit

“primus tonus differentia primi”

Note

With musical notation.

Language of Text

Latin

Keywords

5(8v-9r:11)
My Heart Doth Burn
Incipit

MIt hierthæ thet brener

Explicit

“han vell syth naffn ey wendhæ Amen

Note

Poem in praise of the Virgin Mary.

Language of Text

Danish

Keywords

6(9r:12-23)
Versiculi et annotationesShort Verses and Notes
Incipit

Tibi Christe conqueror / quod in iuste laceror

Explicit

“videre felicitatem sui proximi etc.

Note

On slander, drinking, an envious man, the derivation of word etc.

Language of Text

Latin

Keywords

7(9v-10r:15, 25-26)
Communion Hymn
Incipit

Jhesus Christus nostra salus

Explicit

“Sit laus et gloria in seculorum secula | Amen”

Note

With musical notation; in two parts.

Language of Text

Latin

Keywords

8(10r:16-24, 10v)
The Seventy-Two Names of the Virgin Mary
Rubric

Nota

Incipit

Tetthæ æræ the tu naffn oc halfierdhæ | sin tywæ ther wor fruæ war kalleth

Explicit

Dic Aue maria cum salue regina

Note

With an introduction in Danish.

Language of Text

Danish

Keywords

9(11r-13r:17)
Oratio alphabetica ad beatem VirginemAlphabetical Hymn to The Virgin Mary
Incipit

Sequentem oracionem vtilem et breuem | et per ordinem alpl habeti compilatam

Explicit

“jllis certifico quod semper mecum erunt.”

Note

Ascribed to Pope Urban V; with indulgence.

Language of Text

Latin

Keywords

10(13r:18-v:19)
Three Masses of St Nicholas for Times of Distress
Incipit

SJ quis in aliqua necessitate fuerit hoc | opere liberabitur

Explicit

“libera | bitur meritis sancti nicolai etc.

Language of Text

Latin

Keywords

11(13v:20-14r:17)
On the Seven Petitions of the Pater Noster
Rubric

“Nota 1a

Incipit

Nota 7em peticiones jn pater noster

Explicit

Set libera nos a malo Amen

Language of Text

Latin

Keywords

12(14r:18-v, 15r:23)
Articuli fideiThe Articles of Faith
Incipit

Nota qualiter xiicim articuli fidei fue | runt compositi

Explicit

“Quem composuit Matheus Et vitam eternam Amen etc.

Note

Paraphrases of the Apostolic Creed.

Language of Text

Latin

Keywords

13(15r:1-6)
Per se prima
Incipit

Per se prima / secunda decem / dat tercia centum

Explicit

“decima millesies designat milia mille”

Note

Mnemonics for the value of figures by their position.

Language of Text

Latin

Keywords

14(15r:7-22)
Comparative Table of Roman and Arabic Numerals
Note

Numerals 1-1,000,000 (followed by: “Etc. sic infinite Etc.”). Six hexameters.

Language of Text

Latin

Keywords

15(15v)
Notatio fygh
Rubric

“Notacio fygh”

Incipit

ost nordost

Explicit

“flans nubes gingno / sub flando nubula pando”

Note

Diagram to show the relationship between points of the compass and the wind-rose of antiquity; accompanied by two poems (hexameters) on winds and meteorological conditions.

Language of Text

Latin (primary); Danish

Keywords

16(16r-18r:24)
Song in Praise of the Virgin Mary
Incipit

Crist vndhæ megh then helighanz | nadhæ

Explicit

“henes | naffn thet kallas MARIA. AMEN

Note

With musical notation.

Language of Text

Danish

Keywords

17(16r, lower margin)
Omnia membra meaAll My Limbs
Incipit

F P

Explicit

“Omnia membra mea benedicat virgo maria”

Note

Written in a scroll at the bottom of the page; decorated with two flowers; possibly an ex libris.

Language of Text

Latin

Keywords

18(18v:1-8, 25-32)
Ave MariaHail Mary
Incipit

Aue maria fuld met nadæ / guth er met | tegh

Explicit

“wi wele gutz loff met hedher | oc æræ / oc marie siunghæ i huar wi | ære Ameɴ

Language of Text

Danish

Keywords

19(18v:9-17)
Disciplina Scholarium
Author

Boecius

Incipit

Nota Boecius in disciplina scolarium docet

Explicit

“Si autem plorat | tunc est melancolicus / Versus

Note

Characteristics of the temperaments.

Language of Text

Latin

Keywords

20(18v:18-24)
Treatises on the Body, the Soul and the Mind
Incipit

Colera rixatur | sanguis potuque procatur

Explicit

“Sanguis | in corpore / Anima in sanguine / Spiritus in anima / Mens | in spiritu etc.

Note

Bodily location of mental phenomena.

Language of Text

Latin

Keywords

21(19r:1-11)
On the Seven Last Words of Our Lord
Incipit

Nota Cristus 7em verba in cruce protulit

Explicit

“Per 7m vitam. | debitum consummare etc. | Sequitur

Language of Text

Latin

Keywords

22(19r:12-18)
Our Lord's Twelve Gifts to Mankind
Incipit

Nota christus debit nobis carne miseris car|nem

Explicit

“Coronam | spinee in ornamentum hastum in monimentum verbum in | documentum vitam in exemplum ¶ Sequitur nota”

Language of Text

Latin

Keywords

23(19r:19-v:1)
Our Lord's Seven Bleedings as Remedies Against the Seven Deadly Sins
Incipit

Nota christus sepcies pro nobis cruentauit

Explicit

“In lanciacione contra jnuidiam etc.

Language of Text

Latin

Keywords

24(19v:1-8)
Aspergaris AquaAspersion with Water
Incipit

Sequitur | Aspergaris aqua

Explicit

“Demon depellitur

Note

The effects of aspersion with holy water. Seven hexameters.

Language of Text

Latin

Keywords

25(19v:9-20r:7)
The Numerical Value of Roman figures
Incipit

Versus I monos / v quinos / x denos

Explicit

“linia super scripta facit mille millia etc.

Language of Text

Latin

Keywords

26(20r:8-v:19)
Juratio talis estQuotations
Rubric

“Nota. Juracio talis est

Incipit

Nota jn missiali

Explicit

Hec robertus | Holchoth Supra librum sapiencie etc.

Note

Quotations from Robert Holkot Super Sapientiam Salomonis.

Language of Text

Latin

Keywords

27(20v:20-23)
Mnemonics and an Amen
Incipit

Aspiciens veterem circum quasi ro benedicta

Explicit

Amen dico tibi / non remanebis ibi

Language of Text

Latin

Keywords

28(21r-23v:9)
Sermon on Luke 16:1 ff. for First Sunday after Trinity
Incipit

Homo quidem erat diues

Explicit

“eternam vitam post mor | mortem hoc nobis prestare dignetur Amen

Language of Text

Latin

Keywords

29(23v:10-25, 24r:18-22)
Introductory Address and Prothema
Incipit

QVe ista que ascendit de deserto deli-|ciis affluens est

Explicit

“Ecce an-|cilla domini etc. Quasi diceret”

Note

Quotation from Song of Songs 8:5.

Language of Text

Latin

Keywords
30(24r:1-17)
Officia dominicalia per totum annumMnemonics for Introits for Sundays throughout the Year
Rubric

Nota Officia dominicalia per totum annum

Incipit

animam meam / syon jn domino / nostri domine

Explicit

“Iustus / da pacem / Salus / omnia / jn uo / si / dicit

Note

Eight hexameters.

Language of Text

Latin

Keywords

31(24v:1-4)
Candida triticaIngredients and Form of the Host
Incipit

Candida triticia tenuuis non mangna rotunda

Explicit

“Expers fermenti / non salsa sit hostia christi

Language of Text

Latin (primary); Danish

Keywords

32(24v:5-13)
Definitions of canon, lex, and latinum
Incipit

Nota Canon sic definitur est copulacio verborum

Explicit

“ex fontibus grecorum ortus etc.

Language of Text

Latin

Keywords

33(24v:14-26)
On Faith, Virtues and the Soul
Incipit

Quilibet homo habet duos angelos scilicet bonum | et malum

Explicit

“impossibile est placere deo”

Note

On man's two angels, wisdom of the bodiless anima, and faith in relation to other virtues.

Language of Text

Latin

Keywords

34(24v:27-25r:9)
Extracts from a Latin-Old Danish Vocabulary
Incipit

fassia / løft falcastrum lee

Explicit

“Quod fides facit | hominem deo placidum ad hebreos etc. cap

Language of Text

Danish (primary); Latin

Keywords

35(25r:10-25)
On Faith and on Fools
Incipit

fides sine operibus mortua est | Paragraphus primus

Explicit

“Synagoga / superbia / gula / auaricia / luxuria.”

Note

Including a quotation from James 2:26; the five prudent virgins (Ecclesia, the Church) and the five foolish virgins (the Synagogue).

Language of Text

Latin

Keywords

36(25v-26v:10)
In missa vii vicibus dicitur Dominus vobiscumThe Seven Occurrences of Dominus vobiscum in the Mass
Incipit

IN missa .vii. vicibus dicitur Dominus vobiscum

Explicit

“Quod nobis det jhesus. | christus. A.M.E.N.”

Language of Text

Latin

Keywords

37(26v:11-20)
Thet skulæ hwer cristen man kommæ i hwWhat Every Christian Needs to Remember
Incipit

Thet skulæ hwer cristen man | kommæ i hw

Explicit

“vi pynes ther vdhen al endhæ”

Note

Crossed out in the manuscript in an ornamental fashion with diagonal lines.

Language of Text

Danish

Keywords

38(27r-28r:10)
Indulgence for Fasting on Twelve Specified Fridays
Incipit

Clemens som wor then tredyæ | pawæ effther sancte pether appos | tel i rom

Explicit

“som | han hadhæ fastedh thøm i xii aar | fwlth wth Amen

Language of Text

Danish

Keywords

39(28r:11-v:9)
Poem on Three Sisters: Fides, Spes and Caritas
Incipit

FIdes spes et caritas / Swo fagre søstræ tree /

Explicit

“Deus est qui conspicit / hanmme effther leuendis dødhæ”

Language of Text

Latin (primary); Danish

Keywords

40(28v:10-29r)
My Heart Doth Burn
Incipit

Mith hierthæ brendher heth som boll

Explicit

“Da nobis solacium et gaudium met macth | oc fulgodh williæ

Note

In praise of the Virgin Mary; with musical notation. The song is macaronic.

Language of Text

Latin

Keywords

41(29v-30r:11)
Christ, Thou Art Both the Light and Day
Incipit

Criste tu est bodhæ daw b og lyws a

Explicit

“guth vnnæ oss hymmerigh ath besidæ met | thegh. A. M. E. N. | Nota”

Note

Danish version of the hymn Christe qui lux es et dies.

Language of Text

Danish

Keywords

42(30r:12-v:8)
Prayers and Charms
Incipit

Benedicat me deus pater qui me plasmauit

Explicit

“febrium vel frigorum. In nomine p. et f. et sp.”

Language of Text

Latin

Keywords

43(30v:9-31v:4)
Macaronic song in praise of the Virgin Mary
Incipit

O rosa in iherico

Explicit

“oss helper som er trefoldich och en”

Language of Text

Danish

Keywords

44(31v:5-14)
Mnemonics and an Inscription
Incipit

Crux et virgo suis festis et apostolus omnis

Explicit

“Wlnera sto plenus pro te nimis vndique lesus | require retro”

Language of Text

Latin

Keywords

45(32r-91v)
The Book of Lucidarius
Rubric

“Hic incipit lucidarius”

Incipit

Ihesus christus met syn nathæ

Explicit

“Dauit regnum tuum domine regnum omnium seculorum

Note

The only extant copy in Old Danish of the Book of Lucidarius. Ends with an illustration of the world and a quotation from Psalms 144:13.

Language of Text

Danish

Keywords
46(92v-94r:14)
Officium de Visitatione MariæMass for the Visitation
Rubric

“Officium de vísítacioni marie

Incipit

GAudeamus omnis in domino diem festum

Explicit

“regnat deus per omnia secula seculorum

Language of Text

Latin

Keywords

47(94r:15-104v:25)
The Infancy Gospel of Pseudo-Matthew
Rubric

“Incipit prologus libri jnfanci-|um saluatoris nostri ihesu christi

Incipit

DOminus suis ac beatissimus Cromacio | et eliodero Ieronimus exiguus christi seruus | in domino salutem /

Explicit

et eduxit | populum suum in manu forti”

Note

Life of the Virgin Mary from the marriage of her parents to the Flight into Egypt.

Language of Text

Latin

Keywords
48(104v:26-106r)
The Vision of the Blessed Elizabeth of Schönau Concerning the Assumption
Incipit

IN anno quo michi elizabeth per angelum domini adnunciabatur | liber matris dei

Explicit

“Sit laus et gloria trinis Amen”

Language of Text

Latin

Keywords
49(106v-108v:4)
Poem in Praise of the Virgin Mary
Incipit

Gudh fadhers makth keller iek oppa

Explicit

“ath wy fynnes i hemmerigis righe Amen

Language of Text

Danish

Keywords

50(108v:5-109r:3)
Magic Formulae
Incipit

Contra fluxum sanguinis

Explicit

“et mitte | in aurem dexteram sompniabis fuream .g. | b. f. o. r. r. b. x. v. p.”

Note

Formulae against bleeding, toothache and theft.

Language of Text

Latin

Keywords

51(109r:4-v)
School Song
Incipit

MVndanis vanitatibus abstrictis poten -|tatibus /

Explicit

“Bonam vitam | comperit homo quj me reperit A.M.E.N.”

Note

The reader is exhorted to turn away from worldly vanities and to learn from the Lives of Saints.

Language of Text

Latin

Keywords

52(110r)
Liturgical Quotation and Explanation of Various Words
Rubric

“Salue lux mundi”

Incipit

Alleluia modis exponitur omnibus istis

Explicit

“hebrayce sabaoth celestis milicie rex”

Note

Explanation of the words alleluia, Kyrie eleison hêmas, hosanna and sabaoth.

Language of Text

Latin

Keywords

53(110v-112v)
Litany of the Saints
Incipit

Gudh fadher och søn then heliandh

Explicit

“hælliæ andh hielpp oss i all wor reys /”

Note

Versified.

Language of Text

Danish

Keywords

54(113r-118v:19)
The Seven Penitential Psalms
Rubric

Domine ne in furore tuo | Hæær byryæ syw salmæ

Incipit

Her| mynnes ey mynæ eller myner | forældres brøthæ

Explicit

“Och forderf alla ther myn syæl twin -|gæ forty iech ær tyn tiænestæ mandh”

Language of Text

Danish

Keywords

55(118v:20-123r:2)
Litany of the Saints
Incipit

Æræ hawæ father oc søn oc then hellychandh

Explicit

“en sandh gwth sygnæth for wthen ændæ | Amen

Language of Text

Danish

Keywords

56(123r:3-127r:7)
Hymns and Carols
Rubric

“prosa de dominna”

Incipit

Psallat fidelis concio cum gaudio preconia | marite

Explicit

et nos post cante|mus Amen

Note

With musical notation.

Language of Text

Latin

Keywords

57(127r:8-v)
Poem on the Bad Character of Womankind
Incipit

Gamel och vngh thu thencth ther paa

Explicit

“han war alth suighen aff quinne”

Note

On adultery.

Language of Text

Danish

Keywords

58(128r-142v)
Sermons
Incipit

Kyeræ venner met ihesu christo

Explicit

“han hauer før giorth vdhen han va | er sek fremdeles for syndhen / Saa”

Language of Text

Danish

Keywords

Physical Description

Support

Parchment.

No. of leaves
142. Fol. 92r is blank. 147 mm x 108 mm.
Collation

There are nine gatherings.

  • I: fols 1-15.
  • II: fols 16-31.
  • III: fols 32-47.
  • IV: fols 48-63.
  • V: fols 64-77.
  • VI: fols 78-89.
  • VII: fols 90-109.
  • VIII: fols 110-127.
  • IX: fols 128-142.

Script
Decoration

Fol. 15r has a comparative table of roman and arabic numerals between 1 and 1,000,000.

Fol. 15v contains a diagram to show the relationship of the windrose of antiquity to the Germanic system of points of the compass.

The bottom of fol. 16r has a kind of ex libris: a banner of text with flowers inside circles below and the letters F P (abbreviating the owner's name?). The text of the banner reads: “·:Omnia : membra : mea : benedicat : virgo : maria..”.

Fol. 91v has a symbolic picture of the Creation; a circle divided in three with banners of text surrounding it. The upper half depicts the sun, moon and stars; the two lower halves depict the sea with fish and the land with trees, horses and humans, respectively. The text of the banner reads: “Dauit ·: regnum : tuum domine :· regnum :· omnium :· seculorum” (Psalms 144:13).

The manuscript has numerous simple illuminations (knots, flowers, animals, pointing fingers etc.), as well as a few initials.

Musical Notation

Many of the songs are accompanied by musical notation.

Additions

  • Fol. 4v:6: “Cepit amare deum totumque relinquere mundum
  • Fol. 18r:25: “Plant koll vrbani/ køb lyuss aduincula petri
  • Fol. 24v:27: “fassia /løft falcastrum lee
  • Fol. 25r:10: “fides sine operibus mortua est” (James 2:26).
  • Fol. 31r margin: “Allæ men thette thette breff se eller høra lesæ”
  • Fol. 109v:6: “In principio erat verbum et verbum” (John:1)
  • Fol. 109v:7-8: “Dend som mig føder | det
  • Fol. 112v:6: “katrina maria madalena”

History

Origin

Written in Denmark. Kristian Kålund dated it to the second half of the fifteenth century, whereas , mens Kroon et al A Danish Teacher's Manual p. ix dated it more precisely to c. 1470. Marius Kristensen (En Klosterbog fra Middelalderens Slutning p. i) ascribes the origin of the manuscript to a Dominican house in Denmark. It has so far proved impossible to localise the place of origin of the manuscript, though linguistic traits link the Lucidarius section to Northern Jutland and southwestern Sjælland.

Additional

Record History

Catalogued 7 January 2004 by JA.

Custodial History

The manuscript has been loaned a number of times.

Restored and bound 18 January to 14 April 1964.

Surrogates

microfilm (master) Neg. 208 1960 microfilm (master) Pos. 242s.d. microfilm (archive) Neg. 1002 21 November 1997 microfilm (archive) Pos. 901 21 November 1997 diapositive (4x5") 7 August 1995 43r b/w prints AM 76 8vo 1981 Before conservation. b/w prints AM 76 8vo 14 January 1998 Supplementary; after conservation. colour diapositive (4x5") AM 76 8vo 9 February 1999 6v, 43r, 44v; in pocket no. 10 facsimile (6x6") 22 October 1997 Pocket no. 18 and 19.

Bibliography

AuthorTitleEditorScope
Gammeldansk Læsebog: en Håndbog i vor ældre Litteratur på Modersmåleted. C. J. Brandtp. 255-256
Lucidarius: en Folkebog fra Middelalderen, Nordiske Oldskriftered. C. J. Brandt1849; VII
Lucidarius: en Folkebog fra Middelalderened. Johannes Knudsen
Gammeldansk læseboged. Gerd Wellejus, ed. Nelly Uldalerp. 241-249
En Klosterbog fra Middelalderens Slutning (AM. 76, 8vo.) Tillæg fra Cod. A. M. 62 4to, STUAGNLed. Marius Kristensen1928-1934; LIV
missing???, Skrifter utgivna av Vetenskapssocieteten i Lunded. Sigurd Kroon [et al.]1993; LXXXV
1960
1997
1997
1995
1981
1998
1999
1997
Britta Olrik Frederiksen“Hvorledes dyden bliver mangfoldig”, Danske Studier1993; p. 5-27
Britta Olrik Frederiksen“Lucidarius og andre tekster - Per Rævs håndskrift”, p. 23-24
Katalog over Den Arnamagnæanske Håndskriftsamlinged. Kristian KålundII: p. 377-379
En Wadstena-nunnas bönbok: Efter en handskrift på Köpenhamns universitets-bibliotheked. Johan Ernst Rietzp. xxv-xxvi
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