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Manuscript Detail

AM 795 4to

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Apocalypse with Commentary; Spain or Portugal, 1200-1299

Name
Beja, Apringius de 
Occupation
Bishop 
Roles
Author 
More Details
Name
Beja 
More Details
Name
Kålund, Kristian Peter Erasmus 
Birth
19 August 1844 
Death
04 July 1919 
Occupation
Librarian, scholar 
Roles
Scholar 
More Details
Name
Fischer, Bonifatius 
Birth
1915 
Death
1997 
Occupation
 
Roles
Scholar 
More Details
Name
Germany 
More Details
Name
Árni Magnússon 
Birth
13 November 1663 
Death
07 January 1730 
Occupation
Professor, Arkivsekretær (Secretary of the Royal Archives) 
Roles
Scholar; Author; Scribe; Poet 
More Details
Name
Montano, Benito Arias 
Birth
1527 
Death
1598 
Occupation
 
Roles
Owner 
More Details
Name
Parsberg, Holger 
Birth
31 August 1636 
Death
03 May 1692 
Occupation
High Court judge; Titular Councillor of State, ( Etatsråd ) 
Roles
Owner; Marginal 
More Details
Name
Rosenkrantz, Jens 
Birth
28 December 1640 
Death
13 January 1695 
Occupation
Titular Councillor of State ( Etatsråd ) 
Roles
Owner 
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Name
Driscoll, Matthew James 
Birth
15 May 1954 
Occupation
 
Roles
Scholar; Cataloguer; Owner 
More Details
Name
Århus 
Country
Denmark 
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Name
Copenhagen 
Country
Denmark 
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Contents

1(1r-24r)
Apocalypsis beati Ioannis Apostoli
Incipit

APOCALIPSIS ihesu christi quam dedit illi | deus palam facere seruis suis. que opor | tet fieri cito.

Language of Text

Latin

Keywords
2(24v-97v)
Tractatus in Apocalypsin
Author

Apringius de Beja

Rubric

“Incipit Tractatus in [?] apoka|lipsin. Eruditissimi uiri | Apringi episcopi Pacensis ecclesie.”

Final Rubric

“EXPLICIT EXPO|SITIO APOCALIPSIS. QVAM EXPOSVIT DOM|NVS APRINGIVS EPISCOPUS. DEO GRACIAS AGO. FI|NITO LABORE ISTO. | EFPHSBDKBTBHPGKOKVPMCBPSF | KTVP.”

Note

This is the only extant copy of this commentary on the Apocalypse by Bishop Apringius of Pace (Beja, Portugal) who lived in the mid-sixth century.

Bibliography

Férotin, Apringius

Language of Text

Latin

Keywords

Physical Description

Support

Parchment. The entire codex is a palimpsest, deriving from four separate manuscripts, two of which are from responsorialia from the tenth or eleventh century. There are also the remains of a ninth-century Catalonian Forum Iudicum written in early Visigothic minuscule.

No. of leaves
ii + 97 + ii. 201 mm x 129 mm.
Foliation

The manuscript was foliated by Kristian Kålund.

Collation

There are 13 quires, each comprising 8 leaves, with the exception of the 4th, which has 6.

  • I: fols 1-8.
  • II: fols 9-16.
  • III: fols 17-24.
  • IV: fols 25-30.
  • V: fols 31-38.
  • VI: fols 39-46.
  • VII: fols 47-54.
  • VIII: fols 55-62.
  • IX: fols 63-70.
  • X: fols 71-78.
  • XI: fols 79-86.
  • XII: fols 87-94.
  • XIII: fols 95-102.
There are quire signatures in red ink in the centre lower margin, ii-viiii, on fols 39v, 47v, 55v, 63v, 71v, 79v, 87v and 95v.

Layout

Written in one column throughout; 23 to 25 lines per page.

Script

Written in one hand, a practised caroline minuscule.

Decoration

There are red initials and headings throughout.

An initial, B, on fol. 24v, beginning Tractatus in Apocalypsin.

Additions

At fol. 97v, below the text and above an erased line, the name “B. Arías Montanus” is added in red ink. Below this name there are four lines, written apparently in the seventeenth century, which read: “Barcinonæ descriptus est liber iste ex alio vetustiore manu | exarato, ann. Mxxxxij. et emptum anno M.Dc.xvj. | Agit de auctore M. Maximus Episcopus Cesarang. et de scripto Isidorus | Hispanensis Archi-episcopus, ille in chron. ann. 529 iste de Viris illustribus.”

On the front pastedown and on the lower margin of fol. 1r the name “Holger Parsbergh” and the dates 1680 and 1682 are added.

Binding

Brown calfskin (Holbergbind). 211 mm x 137 mm x 68 mm, previously with two clasps.

Accompanying Material

A letter from Bonifatius Fischer, of the Vetus Latina Institut in Beuron, (Germany) who investigated the manuscript in 1957.

There are also four slips, three of them in Árni Magnússon's hand.

  • The first, a, which in all likelihood was written by one of Árni's amanuenses, contains information on Apringius based on Guilielmus Cave's Scriptorum ecclesiasticorum historia literaria. It reads: “Aprigius Ecclesiæ Pacensis in Hispa|nia Episcopus, et scientiâ eruditus | claruit circa ann. 540. Scripsit in-|qvit Isidorus, de scriptia c. 17. Expli | cationem Apocalypseos B Johannis | subtili sensu atque illustri sermone, | melius pene qvam veteres Eccle|siastici viri exposuisse videntur. | Interiit opus istud: Loaisa ta-|men in notis suis ad Isidori cata|logum testatur se in Hispania vidis-|se opus ingens manuscriptum | in Apocalypsin Gothicis literis exa-|ratum, ex Victorini, Isidori, ex | Aprigii libris, uti præ se tulit præ|fatio consarcinatum. Scripsit | Aprigius teste Isidoro, et alia qvæ|dam, qvorum nec nomina super-|sunt.| Guilh. Cave hist: Lit: pag 289.

    Under this is written in another ink, but possibly the same hand: “p: 409. edit: Londin:”

  • The second, b, contains a decipherment of the last line of the final rubric, which repeats the previous line, “Deo gracias ag|o finito labore isto”, using a simple displacement cipher (b is used for a, c for d etc.), and a transcription of the marginal note following it on fol. 97v.

  • The third, c, contains information on Apringius: “Aprigius, Pacis Juliæ | in Hisp. Episcopus, vixit an. | 540. Vide Isidorum | de Script C. 17. Non | Extat. Cave in char-|tophylace. | Vide quorum Gesneri | Bibliothecam voce | Aprigius.” This last is a reference to Conradus Gesner, Bibliotheca universalis.

  • Finally, there is a small slip, d, on which Árni has calculated Arias Montano's date of birth, “1598-71=1527”, and multiplied 12000 by 5 to produce 60000.

History

Origin

Written in Spain or Portugal in the early or mid-thirteenth century (the date 1042 (“Mxxxxij”) , given in a marginal note on fol. 97v, can hardly be correct).

Provenance

The Spanish scholar Benito Arias Montano (1527-98) has written his name on fol. 97r (“B. Arias Montanus”), and may be presumed to have owned the manuscript. It came somehow into the possession of etatsråd Holger Parsberg (1636-92). Following Parsberg's death, the manuscript was bought by etatsråd Jens Rosenkrantz (1640-95), when Parsberg's library was auctioned off (23 October 1693).

Acquisition

The manuscript was acquired by Árni Magnússon from the estate of Jens Rosenkrantz, presumably at auction (the auction lot number 468 is written in red chalk on the fly-leaf), either in 1696 or 1697.

Additional

Record History

Catalogued 23 September 1999 by MJD.

Availability

The manuscript is in poor condition, due to many of the leaves being brittle and fragile and the poor quality of a number of earlier repairs; it should therefore not be used or lent out until it has been conserved.

Custodial History

Lent to Bonifatius Fischer, of the Vetus Latina Institut in Beuron in 1957.

On exhibition at Moesgård Museum in Århus and the Royal Library, Copenhagen, in 1999.

Surrogates

microfilm (master) G.neg. 160s.d. microfilm (archive) G.pos. 186s.d. b/w prints reg.nr. 75 25 January 1999 Photographs of the spine, outside covers, stitching etc. colour prints reg.nr. 102 25 January 1999 Photographs of the spine, outside covers, stitching etc. b/w prints AM 795 4to 27 January 1999 copy of G.pos. 186

Bibliography

AuthorTitleEditorScope
Apringius de BejaApringius de Beja, Son Commentaire de l'Apocalypse, écrit sous Theudis, Roi des Wisigoths (531-548). Publié pour la première fois d'apres le manuscrit unique de l'Université de Copenhague, Bibliothèque patriologiqueed. Dom Marius Férotin1900; I
Guilielmus CaveScriptorum ecclesiasticorum historia literaria
Gesner, ConradusBibliotheca universalis, siue Catalogus omnium scriptorum locupletissimus, in tribus linguis, Latina, Græca et Hebraica: Extantium et non extantium, veterum et recentiorum in hunc usqve diem, doctorum et indoctorum, publicatorum et in Bibliothecis latentium : Opus nouum et non in Bibliothecis tantum publicis privatisque instuendis necessarium, sed studiosis omnibus cuiuscunque artis aut scientiæ ad studia melius formanda utilissimum
1999
1999
1999
Jacob BadenKiøbenhavns Universitets-Journal1797; V
Katalog over Den Arnamagnæanske Håndskriftsamlinged. Kristian KålundII: p. 209
Mariane Overgaard“Manuscripta Rosenkrantziana”, p. 262-285
Levende ord og lysende billeder: Den middelalderlige bogkultur i Danmark: Kataloged. Erik Petersenp. 68
Apríngio Bispo de Beja: Comentário ao Apocalipse (Edição crítica), Philokaliaed. Júlio da Cunha Antunes, ed. Isidro Pereira Lamelas2007; 8
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