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Manuscript Detail

AM 22 8vo

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Danish Law Book; Denmark, ca. 1450-1550

Name
Kålund, Kristian Peter Erasmus 
Birth
19 August 1844 
Death
04 July 1919 
Occupation
Librarian, scholar 
Roles
Scholar 
More Details
Name
Skriver, Peder 
Occupation
 
Roles
Marginal 
More Details
Name
Gregersen, Oluf 
Occupation
 
Roles
Owner 
More Details
Name
Hanssen, Peder 
Occupation
 
Roles
Owner 
More Details
Name
Stegmann, Beeke 
Occupation
Scholar 
Roles
Cataloguer 
More Details

Contents

1(1r-46r:21)
Valdemars Provincial Law of Zealand
Language of Text

Danish

Keywords
1.1(1r-5r)
Table of Contents
Note

The index is divided into parts marked with letters A to N, sections within each part are marked with Roman numerals. This structure is followed in the law codes as well as the prologue.

1.2(5v-6v:15)
Prologue for the Provincial Law of Jutland
Language of Text

Danish

Keywords
1.3(37r:14-39r:3)
Church Law of Zealand
Note

Under the letter M

Language of Text

Danish

Keywords
1.4
Troldomskapitlet
Note

Marked with letter N

Language of Text

Danish

Keywords
2(46r:22-139r:7)
Eriks Provincial Law of Zealand
Rubric

“Incipit liber de hereditate”

Incipit

Hwo ærwæ skal

Note

The books are marked in Latin (rubrics and running titles)

Language of Text

Danish (primary); Latin

Keywords
2.1(46r:23-47r:22)
Table of Contents
Note

The index is divided into sections marked with Roman numerals. This structure is followed in the law code itself.

3(139r:8-140v:2)
King Erik Glippings Vordingborgske forordning, 1282.
Note

Refers to “ſiællendzſke logh” (in red) on f. 139v:28.

Language of Text

Danish

Keywords
4(140v:3-143r:22)
Kong Erik Glippings Nyborgske forordninger for Sjælland, 1284
Language of Text

Danish

Keywords
5(143r:23-146v:6)
Kong Olavs håndfæstning, 1376
Rubric

“Hand fæstningh olaui regis

Language of Text

Danish

Keywords
6(146:7-147:3)
Møntfod og mandebod
Note

Originally blank, later addition in different hand.

Keywords
7(147r:4-5)
A judiciary notice
Rubric

“Item ingen sag gonger iarff vthen drap geld oc løfft”

Note

Originally blank, later addition in different hand.

Keywords
8(147v:1-13)
Versificeret sandmandsformular
Note

Originally blank, later addition in different hand.

Keywords
9(148r-150v)
Lollands vilkår
Language of Text

Danish

Keywords
10(151r-168r)
Den Visbyske søret (Waterrecht)Maritime Law of Visby
Incipit

Effte men medet

Colophon

“gheſcreuen vppe Nikøpynghe an vnſzer leuen vrouwen auende viſitacionis Jn deme yare Nonageſimo 4o".”

Note

The text starts with chapter 15 of the law and does, according to chapter numbers in pencil in the outer margins, not have ch. 44 and 46.

The chapters were originally not numbered, but each chapter starts on a new line, with space left for initials.

Language of Text

Gml

Keywords
11(168v-170r)
King Christian I's Lolland trade decree
Note

Issued in Kalundborg, 1460.

Language of Text

Danish

Keywords
12(170v-177r)
Helsingborg City Law
Note

The text skips ch. 42-61.

Language of Text

Danish

Keywords
13(177v-193v)
King Kristoffer of Bayern's Copenhagen City Law
Language of Text

Danish

Keywords
14(194r-200v)
Gårdsretten
Rubric

“Þhette kalles gardz ræt”

Language of Text

Danish

Keywords

Physical Description

Support
Manuscript begins in parchment, switches to paper with watermark (Oxen) on ff. 148r-193v, and ends in parchment.
No. of leaves
200. 170-175mm mm x 119-124mm mm
Foliation

The codex is foliated in red ink, in Kr. Kålund's hand.

Collation

  • I. quire: pastedown + stub to 10v, 1+10, 2+9, 3+8, 4+7, 5+6
  • II. quire: 11+20, 12+19, 13+18, 14+17, 15+16>
  • III. quire: 21+30, 22+29, 23+28, 24+27, 25+26>
  • IV.quire: 31+40, 32+39, 33+38, 34+37, 35+36
  • V. quire: 41+50, 42+49, 43+48, 44+47, 45+46
  • VI. quire: 51+60, 52+59, 53+58, 54+57, 55+56
  • VII. quire: 61+70, 62+69, 63+68, 64+67, 65+66
  • VIII. quire: 71+80, 72+79, 73+78, 74+77, 75+76
  • IX. quire: 81+90, 82+89, 83+88, 84+87, 85+86
  • X. quire: 91+100, 92+99, 93+98, 94+97, (5+96
  • XI. quire: 101+110, 102+109, 103+108, 104+107, 105+106
  • XII. quire: 111+120, 112+119, 113+118, 114+117, 115+116
  • XIII. quire: 121+130, 122+129, 123+128, 124+127, 125+126
  • XIV. quire: 131+140, 132+139, 133+138, 134+137, 135+136
  • XV. quire: 141+ with stub 147v, 142+147, 143+146, 144+145
  • XVI. quire: 148+155, 149+154, 150+153, 151+152
  • XVII. quire: 156+163, 157+162, 158+161, 159+160
  • XVIII. quire: 164, 165+170, 166+169, 167+168. leaf 164+missing leaf between 170 and 171. (text examined by SDV+ AMH)
  • XIX. quire: 171+186, 172+185, 173+184, 174+183, 175+182, 176+181, 177+180, 178+179
  • XX. quire: 187+ stub with 193v, 188+193, 189+192, 190+191
  • XXI. quire: 194+ pastedown, 195+200, 196+199, 197+198

Layout

The text is written in one column with changing numbers of lines.

The written area is ca. 120-140 mm x 80 mm.

In parts of the codex that is written on paper, the initials are missing, with space left blank at the beginning of each chapter.

Script

The first scribe wrote ff. 1r-146v:6.

Different hands are responsible for the additions on ff. 146r:7-147v.

A second scribe wrote ff. 148r-150v.

A third scribe wrote ff. 151r-168r in Nykøbing.

A fourth hand wrote ff. 168v-170r.

A fifth hand wrote f. 170v.

A sixth hand write ff. 171r-193v.

A last hand wrote ff. 194r-200v.

Decoration

Initials and rubrics in red ink on the parchment leaves.

Some decoration on the paper leaves, but there was space left blank for rubrication and initials.

Additions

In parts of codex that is written on paper, there are section numbers in pencil supplied in the margins by a later hand.

On 46r in the margin there is a drawing of a pointing hand in dark ink.

On 73r in the margin there is a drawing of a pointing hand in red ink.

Occasional marginal notes, e.g. on 140v (in red ink), 142r and 145v

On f. 147r:6-13 there is a note by a Peder Skriver, who borrowed the mansucript from Oluf Gregersen: “Thenne Bog Lannte ieg aff Oluff gregerßenn Som fød er y Lomburg Sogenn vtj hiegaardth Anno xpmd Lxxiij Peder Skriiffuer Manu Propria”.

On f. 147v:14 a later addition (from the 18th century?) reads in red ink “Skitinn Codex”.

F. 147v:15-20 has an ownership note reading “Denne Bogg hør migh Peder Hannßenn Tiill mett retthe fordy maa der ingen mett migg tretthe. Anno domini Septtember Aar 1569

At the top of the pastedown of the upper board there is a title in dark ink: “Siællands Low over Móen Falster og Lolland item Kong Eric Christofferssóns Low”.

On the pastedown of the upper board the name Peder Skriver is written twice (upside down), and sideways is a notice of Peder Skriver borrowing the book from Oluf Gregersen: “Denne bog er mig Lant aff Oluff gregersenn 1574 Peder Schriiffuer”.

On the pastedown of the lower board there two notes in disctinct hands, the first reading: “Olaff scriffuer er en god swen som per vnghe vedh”.

Also on the pastedown of the lower board, there is an ownership note: “denne bog hórre mig Olluff greießenn Tiill mett Retthe fordy maa der ingen mett mig tretthe om then Bogh med Retthe 1.5.7.0”.

Binding

The binding is made of leather, with blindtooling on the front cover. There used to be two clasps which are now missing; the marks from the clasps are visible on the leather binding, and the pages close to either cover display damage from the iron (rust?). The paste-downs are made of parchment. The old spine has been destroyed and replaced in the 1880s. A more recent restoration of the binding was done in 2009.

History

Origin

The manuscript was written in Denmark. The text was written over several decades. The texts on the first 147 leaves were written down in the second half of the 15th century, while the Danish texts on the paper leaves date to the early 16th century, giving the manuscript an overall dating of ca. 1450-1550

Provenance

Peder Hanssen owned the manuscript in 1569 (f. 147v). Oluf Gregersen names himself as the owner of the manuscript in 1570. According to the note on 147r he was born “y Lomburg Sogenn vtj hiegaarth”. Peder Skriver had the book on loan from Oluf in 1573 (accroding to f. 147r) and 1574 (according to front pastedown).

Additional

Record History

Catalogued 22 August 2019 A. Solovyeva, R. Lively and B. Romanek. Checked and expanded in September 2019 by BS.

Surrogates

  • Black and white photos at the Arnamagnæan Institute in Copenhagen.

Bibliography

AuthorTitleEditorScope
Lex Siellandica Erici regis: Kong Eriks sjællandske Lov, Samling af gamle danske Loveed. J. L. A. Kolderup-Rosenvinge1821; II
Danske Gaardsretter og Stadsretter, Samling af gamle danske Loveed. J. L. A. Kolderup-Rosenvinge1827; V
Katalog over Den Arnamagnæanske Håndskriftsamlinged. Kristian KålundII: p. 338-339
Wisby Stadslag och Sjörätt. Codex juris Visbyensis urbici et maritimi, Corpus juris Sueo-Gotorum antiqui : Samling af Sweriges Gamla Lagared. C. J. Schlyter, ed. H. S. Collin1853; VIII
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