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Manuscript Detail

AM 779 c 4to

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Grænlands Chronica, Five Copies; Iceland, 1600-1699

Name
Stegmann, Beeke 
Occupation
Scholar 
Roles
Scholar 
More Details
Name
Christophersen, Lyschander, Claus 
Birth
1558 
Death
1624 
Occupation
Historian; Poet 
Roles
Author; Scribe; Owner 
More Details
Name
Árni Magnússon 
Birth
13 November 1663 
Death
07 January 1730 
Occupation
Professor, Arkivsekretær (Secretary of the Royal Archives) 
Roles
Scholar; Author; Scribe; Poet 
More Details
Name
Þorleifur Arason 
Birth
1687 
Death
12 January 1727 
Occupation
Rector in Skálholt; Priest 
Roles
Owner 
More Details
Name
Steindór Ormsson 
Birth
1626 
Occupation
 
Roles
Scribe 
More Details
Name
Jórunn Jónsdóttir 
Birth
1666 
Occupation
 
Roles
Owner 
More Details
Name
Hjarðardalur-Ytri 1 
Parish
Mosvallahreppur 
County
Vestur-Ísafjarðarsýsla 
Region
Vestfirðingafjórðungur 
Country
Iceland 
More Details
Name
Jón Steindórsson 
Birth
1662 
Occupation
Farmer 
Roles
Owner 
More Details
Name
Jón Torfason 
Death
1712 
Occupation
Scribe 
Roles
Scribe 
More Details
Name
Staður 
Parish
Suðureyrarhreppur 
County
Vestur-Ísafjarðarsýsla 
Region
Vestfirðingafjórðungur 
Country
Iceland 
More Details
Name
Halldór Guðmundsson 
Birth
1600 
Occupation
Farmer; Scribe 
Roles
Scribe 
More Details
Name
Jón Torfason 
Birth
1657 
Death
1716 
Occupation
Priest 
Roles
Owner 
More Details
Name
Breiðabólsstaður 
Parish
Fljótshlíðarhreppur 
County
Rangárvallasýsla 
Region
Sunnlendingafjórðungur 
Country
Iceland 
More Details
Name
Þorkell Oddsson 
Birth
1678 
Death
1734 
Occupation
 
Roles
Owner 
More Details
Name
Gaulverjabær 
Parish
Gaulverjabæjarheppur 
County
Árnessýsla 
Region
Sunnlendingafjórðungur 
Country
Iceland 
More Details

Physical Description

Support

Paper.

No. of leaves
i + 126 + i.
Binding

The manuscript is bound a halfbinding with blue tape on the spine and corners and brown marbled paper (tree root) on the front and back cover. On the spine, there are golden binding lines dividing the spine into 5 fields. In the second field, there is the following title engraved in golden letters: “Varia Exscripta Chronici Grönlandici cum tïtulis manu A. MAGNÄI adscriptis”. In the lowest field, there is a crowned national arms of Denmark (three lions) supported by two savages with bludgeons. Hanging below, there is the Order of the Elephant. The binding stems from the time when the manuscript was part of the collection in the Royal Library in Copenhagen (cf. binding type and decoration).

History

Provenance

The manuscript was for some time part of the collection in the Royal Library in Copenhagen under the shelfmark NkS 1961 4to. In April 1888, the manuscript was returned.

Additional

Record History

Catalogued 28 August 2014 by BS.

Surrogates

  • Microfilm from 1959.
  • A4-photographs (92%) from 2005.

Contents

Part I ~ AM 779 c I 4to (codicological unit 1)
1(1r-24v)
Grænlands Chronica
Rubric

“Hier Biriar Grænlands Cronica”

Incipit

Nordur I ville hafe liggur þad land er

Explicit

“og vnder lande hleiptu þeir [...] erum, og leist þeim”

Note

Translation (the same as in AM 779 c II 4to and AM 779 c III 4to).

Fol. 20v is partly blank, but no text is missing there.

There are several lacunae in the text and the end is missing.

Language of Text

Icelandic

Physical Description

Support

Paper with a coat of arms of Amsterdam watermark.

No. of leaves
24. 175-189 mm x 134-149 mm.
Foliation

There is later foliation in pencil. The numbers are not consecutive and have been corrected several times.

Collation

  • I: fols. 1-10 (1+4, 2+3, 5+10, 6+9, 7+8)
  • II: fols. 11-24 (11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17+22, 18+21, 19+20, 23, 24)

There are no quire signatures. There are long catchwords on every page.
Condition

There are lacunae after fols. 2, 4, 10, 24 and possibly more.

The manuscript is in quite poor condition. The material is very thin and there are many small holes.

Most leaves show older repairs (by means of attaching paper and glassine).

Layout

  • The manuscript is written in one column with 25 to 28 lines per page and 11 to 15 words per line.
  • The dimensions of the written area are ca. 150-160 mm x 125-130 mm.
  • On fol. 20v, only 9 lines were written, leaving the bottom half of the page without text. The text continues on fol. 21r.

Script

This part of the manuscript was written in chancery script by an unidentified scribe.

Decoration

There are small initials (1-2 lines).

Additions

On fol. 20v, there is some writing consisting of two words perpendicular to the writing direction of the text. This could be a name or signature.

Accompanying Material

An AM-slip (183 mm x 143 mm) is located in front of the manuscript. Árni Magnússon wrote on it: “Fra Monsieur Þorleifi Arasyne til läns 1711. i Augusto.”

A later hand wrote “No 1” in pencil onto the AM-slip.

History

Acquisition

Árni Magnússon received this part from Þorleifur Arason in August 1711.

Part II ~ AM 779 c I 4to (codicological unit 2)
1(1r-4v)
Dialogue between Agatha and Barbara on the wife's duties
Incipit

Barbara mætle æ satt er þad þui er ver

Explicit

“ofann gaf hun eckunne mikla”

Note

Fragment

Language of Text

Icelandic

Physical Description

Support

Paper with watermark.

No. of leaves
4. 165 mm x 125-135 mm.
Foliation

There is later foliation in pencil. One set of numbers counts 1-4, the other 19-22.

Collation

  • I: fols. 1-4 (1+4, 2+3)

There are no quire signatures. There are long catchwords on every page.
Condition

The paper is very thin and shows many small holes.

There are older repairs.

Layout

  • The manuscript is written in one column with 22 to 28 lines per page and 11 to 13 words per line.
  • The dimensions of the written area are ca. 140 mm x 115 mm.

Script

The same unidentified hand as in the previous part.

History

No history available.

Part III ~ AM 779 c II 4to
1(1r-24r)
Grænlands Chronica
Rubric

“Sv | GRÆNLENDska CRONIKA”

Incipit

Huar Inne Strtlega Skrifast, huørnenn

Explicit

“Jön Olafs son India fare hefr vtlagt | firer ofan skrifada historiu”

Note

Tranlation.

Language of Text

Icelandic

2(24v)
Hákonar þáttur HárekssonarHákonar þáttur norræna
Note

Only the beginning is present and has been crossed out.

Language of Text

Icelandic

Physical Description

Support

Paper with two different watermarks (coat of arms of Amsterdam and foolscap).

No. of leaves
24. 183-196 mm x 140 mm.
Foliation

There is later foliation in pencil.

Collation

  • I: fols. 1-4 (1+4, 2+3)
  • II: fols. 5-8 (5+8, 6+7)
  • III: fols. 9-12 (9-12, 10+11)
  • IV: fols. 13-16 (13+16, 14+15)
  • V: fols. 17-20 (17-20, 18+19)
  • VI: fols. 21-24 (21-24, 22+23)

There are no quire signatures. There are catchwords on every page.
Condition

The paper is thin and has many small holes.

There are older repairs and many stains.

Layout

  • The manuscript is written in one column with 35 to 42 lines per page and 13 to 18 words per line.
  • The dimensions of the written area are ca. 170-180 mm x 130-140 mm.

Script

Written in hybrid script that is identified as Steindór Ormsson's hand.

Decoration

There are decorated initials of varying size (1-9) at the beginning of chapters.

On fol. 24v is a large decorated initial ("I") that marks the beginning of a new text. Unlike the text, the initial is not crossed-out. Its size corresponds to 9 lines of text. An almost identical initial is found in the same location in AM 779 c III 4to (30v).

Accompanying Material

An AM-slip (194 mm x 147 mm) is attached to the first page of the manuscript. Árni Magnússon wrote on it: “Grænlands=chronica utlögd af Jone Olafssyne Ost=india=fara.” Below, another hand has added: “Ur bök i 4to sem Eg keypte 1710. af Jörunne i ytra Hiardardal i Önundar firde, konu Jons Steindorssonar yngra. Er med hende Steindors Ormssonar. A.M.”

A later hand has added “No 2” in pencil.

History

Acquisition

Árni Magnússon bought the manuscript from Jórunn, Jón Steindórsson's widow, in 1710.

Part IV ~ AM 779 c III 4to
1(1r:1-8)
Rémundar saga
Note

End only, crossed out.

2(1r:9-30v:9)
Grænlands Chronica
Rubric

“Hier Byrriar Sw GRÆNLendska CRONIKA”

Incipit

Nordur I Villesk Hafe Liggur þad Lande

Explicit

“Jön Olafs son Indiafare hefur utlagt ofannſkrifada Cronicu”

Note

Translation (the same as in AM 779 c I 4to (codicological unit 1) og AM 779 c II 4to).

Language of Text

Icelandic

3(30v:10-31)
Hákonar þáttr Hárekssonar
Rubric

Æfintÿr af einum Norskum Böndasine

Note

Beginning only, crossed out.

Physical Description

Support

Paper with different watermarks.

No. of leaves
30. 192 mm x 152 mm.
Foliation

There is later foliation in pencil.

Collation

  • I: fols. 1-5 (1+2, 3+4, 5)
  • II: fols. 6-13 (6+13, 7+12, 8+11, 9+10)
  • III: fols. 14-21 (14+21, 15+20, 15+19, 17+18)
  • IV: fols. 22-30 (22+29, 23+28, 24+27, 25+26, 30)

There are no quire signatures. There are catchwords on every page.
Condition

The paper is thin and has many small holes.

There are older repairs and many stains.

On fol. 1r and 30v are the end and beginning of other texts crossed out.

Layout

  • The manuscript is written in one column with 30 to 33 lines per page and 13 to 15 words per line.
  • The dimensions of the written area are ca. 165 mm x 130 mm.

Script

The manuscript was written in kurrent script, probably by Jón Torfason.

Decoration

There are decorated initials of varying size (2-7 lines) at the beginning of chapters.

On fol. 30v is a large decorated initial ("I") that marks the beginning of a new text. Its size correlates to 7 lines of text. An almost identical initial is found in the same location in AM 779 c II 4to (24v).

Accompanying Material
There are two AM-slips in front of the manuscript.
  • On AM-slip a (193 mm x 154 mm) Árni Magnússon has written: “Grænlands-chronika utlögd ur þeirre Dönsku af Jone Olafs syne ost-india fara.” A later hand has added “No 4” in pencil.
  • AM-slip b (98 mm x 70 mm) reads as follows (in the hand of Árni Magnússon): “Min. feingen fra Stad i Sugandafirdi.”

History

Origin
The manuscript was formerly part of a larger codex, that contained among others AM 540 4to, AM 347 4to V and AM 554 a γ 4to.
Acquisition

It is unknown when Árni Magnússon acquired the manuscript, but he received it from Staður in Sugandafjörður (cf. AM-slip).

Part V ~ AM 779 c IV 4to
1(1r-22r)
Grænlands Chronica
Rubric

“CRONICA | Sv Grænlendſka”

“edur: ”

Incipit

Historia I hvorre Stuttliga vtskrifad er

Explicit

“Og er hier nu Ender þessrar Historiu”

Note

Translation *the same as in AM 779 a 4to-AM 779 b 4to og AM 779 c V 4to(.

Language of Text

Icelandic

Physical Description

Support

Paper with a large ornamented watermark.

No. of leaves
22. Fol. 22v is blank. 194 mm x 155 mm.
Foliation

There is later foliation in pencil.

Collation

  • I: fols. 1-8 (1+8, 2+7, 3+6, 4+5)
  • II: fols. 9-16 (9+16, 10+15, 11+14, 12+13)
  • III: fols. 17-22 (17+22, 18+21, 19+20)

There are no quire signatures. There are catchwords on every page.
Condition

There are older repairs and many stains.

Layout

  • The manuscript is written in one column with 27 to 31 lines per page and 14 to 17 words per line.
  • The dimensions of the written area are ca. 170 mm x 130 mm.

Script

Written in kurrent script by Halldór Guðmundsson á Sílastöðum.

Decoration

There are decorated initials of varying size (1-3 lines) at the beginning of chapters.

Parts of the rubric are written in red ink.

There is a small tail-piece at the end of the text.

Additions

At least one later hand added underlinings in the text and markers in the margins.

Accompanying Material

An AM-slip (195 mm x 160 mm) is kept in front of the manuscript. Árni Magnússon has written on it: “ Ur bok Sera Þorsteinskels Oddz sonar i Bæ, og heyrer honum til, ä eg og at lata þad festa til samans aptur.”

A later hand has added “No 5” in pencil.

This slip belongs to AM 779 c V 4to, as is indicated in a note at the bottom of the slip: “Á við V aftast í bókina”.

History

Provenance

Árni Magnússon has received the manuscript as part of a larger codex from Jón Torfason. At first, this was a loan, but in 1721 he became the owner of the manuscript (cf. AM-slip in AM 779 c V 4to).

Part VI ~ AM 779 c V 4to
(1r-26r)
Grænlands Chronica
Rubric

“CRONICA | Sv Grænlendska”

Incipit

Historia I hvorre Stuttlega Utskrifad er

Explicit

“Og er Hier Nú Ender þessrar Historiu”

Note

Translation (The same as in AM 779 a 4to, AM 779 b 4to and AM 779 c IV 4to).

Language of Text

Icelandic

Physical Description

Support

Paper with watermark.

No. of leaves
26. Fol. 26v is blank. 192 mm x 155 mm.
Foliation

There is later foliation in pencil.

Collation

  • I: fols. 1-8 (1+8, 2+7, 3+6, 4+5)
  • II: fols. 9-16 (9+16, 10+15, 11+14, 12+13)
  • III: fols. 17-20 (17+20, 18+19)
  • IV: fols. 21-26 (21, 22, 23+26, 24+25)

There are no quire signatures. There are catchwords on every page.
Condition

There are older repairs and stains throughout.

Layout

  • The manuscript is written in one column with 24 to 28 lines per page and 13 to 15 words per line.
  • The dimensions of the written area are ca. 170 mm x 140 mm.

Script

Written in kurrent script by an unidentified scribe.

Decoration

There are larger decorated initials (3-5) at the beginning of chapters.

At the end of the text, there are three small tail-pieces.

Additions

There are some additions in the margins and on fol. 26v in brown ink. The ink is very smeared, so that the additions are illegible.

Accompanying Material

An AM-slip (190 mm x 153 mm) is kept with the manuscript. Árni Magnússon wrote on it: “Grænlandz-Kronika | Ur bok Sera Jons Torfasonar ä Breidabolstad, og heyrir honum til nu 1721 hun mier til.”

A later hand wrote “No 7” in pencil onto the AM-slip.

Another hand wrote “5” in black ink onto the AM-slip.

This slip belongs to the last item, i.e. part IV, as is indicated in a note at the bottom of the slip: “Á við IV hér framan”.

History

Provenance

Árni Magnússon borrowed the manuscript as part of a larger codex from Þorkell Oddsson in Gaulverjabær (cf. AM-slip in AM 779 c IV 4to).

Bibliography

AuthorTitleEditorScope
Katalog over Den Arnamagnæanske Håndskriftsamlinged. Kristian KålundII: p. 200-201
Agnete Loth“Sønderdelte arnamagnæanske papirhåndskrifter”, p. 113-142
Desmond Slay“Further Consideration of One of the Dismembered Arnamanæan Paper Manuscripts”, p. 198-203
Stefán Karlsson“Halldór Guðmundsson, norðlenzkur maður”, Opuscula1970; IV: p. 83-107
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