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Manuscript Detail

AM 645 4to

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Heilagramanna sögur — Legends of Saints; Iceland, 1220-1249

TWO DOTS OVER COMMA POSITURATWO DOTS OVER COMMA POSITURA

Special character shown similar to its original form.

This special character is not currently recognized (U+ef97).

LATIN SMALL LETTER V WITH ACUTELATIN SMALL LETTER V WITH ACUTE

Special character shown similar to its original form.

Name
Guðbrandur Björnsson 
Birth
1657 
Death
1733 
Occupation
Soldier 
Roles
Undetermined 
More Details

This special character is not currently recognized (U+f20d).

Name
Kålund, Kristian Peter Erasmus 
Birth
19 August 1844 
Death
04 July 1919 
Occupation
Librarian, scholar 
Roles
Scholar 
More Details
Name
Spehr, Harald 
Occupation
 
Roles
Scholar 
More Details
Name
Hreinn Benediktsson 
Birth
1928 
Death
2005 
Occupation
Professor 
Roles
Scholar 
More Details
Name
Seip, Didrik Arup 
Occupation
 
Roles
Scholar 
More Details
Name
Skálholt 
Parish
Biskupstungnahreppur 
County
Árnessýsla 
Region
Sunnlendingafjórðungur 
Country
Iceland 
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Name
Björn Magnússon 
Birth
1623 
Death
1697 
Occupation
District/county magistrate 
Roles
Owner; Author 
More Details
Name
Seerup, Anne Wedel 
Birth
17 October 1976 
Occupation
 
Roles
Cataloguer 
More Details

Contents

1(1r-11v:12)
Jarteinabók Þorláks Biskups
Incipit

oc ętloþo at moca þann dag allan

Explicit

oc eɴ sęla thollac biscop.”

Keywords

2(11v:13-24v)
Clemens saga
Incipit

Ivlius hét iɴ fyrste keísare.

Explicit

“føzlo laust of lifa þar”

Bibliography
Keywords

3(25r-30r:24)
Pétrs saga postola
Incipit

manna. Siþan gerþi petrus

Explicit

oc helgom aɴda liver oc riker of allar alder alda.”

Keywords

4(30r:24-33r:13)
Jakobs saga postola
Rubric

“passio Sancti | Jacobi apostoli”

Incipit

Iacobus postole domini nostri ihesu christi frater ihoannis evangeliste.

Explicit

oc dyrþ of allar allder alda ;

Keywords

5(33r:13-35v:24)
Bartholomeus saga postola
Rubric

“Passio bartholomei apostoli”

Incipit

Iɴdia l?nd ero iij. eít þat er ligr hia bla lande.

Explicit

“En siþan | fór hann til ɢoþs þesser liver oc riker of allar allder alda. amen.”

Keywords

6(35v:24-41r:3)
Matheus saga postola
Rubric

“passio sancti | mather apostoli”

Incipit

Tveir fiolcunger menn voro ablalande. zaroes. oc arfaxáþ

Explicit

“m helgom aɴda hvɢar nv oc eí of allar alder alda.”

Keywords

7(41r:3-43r:29)
Andreas saga postola
Rubric

“passio | sancti Andree apostoli”

Incipit

heilagr postole aɴdreas. fór of alt gricland.

Explicit

“er hann georði iborgeɴe at vilia guþs

Keywords

8(43r:30-51v:21)
Páls saga postola
Rubric

“Sancti p?li apostoli”

Incipit

Saulus var grimr viþ lęrisveina christi

Explicit

“svasem sact | er iaɴari s?gv.”

Bibliography

Unger, Postola sögur p. 216-236

Keywords

9(51v:21-55v:23)
Niþrstigningar saga
Rubric

“Niþe stignincar Saga.”

Incipit

Kaʀinus oc levcius fratres syner Simeonis ens ɢamla segia sva

Explicit

oc varþ þar | monnom. alldat vmp per omnia secula seculorum Amen

Bibliography

Unger, Heilagra manna sögur vol. II p. 1-8

Keywords

10(55v:23-66v)
Martinus saga biskups
Rubric

“Sancti Maʀtini. episcopi”

Incipit

Martinus var æzcaþr af uɴngara lande.

Explicit

“þeɢia er betra en fra at segia”

Bibliography

Unger, Heilagra manna sögur vol. I p. 554-574

Keywords

Physical Description

Support

Parchment.

No. of leaves
66. 210 mm x 137 mm.
Foliation

The manuscript is foliated in the bottom margins of the recto pages and paginated in the top margins on both recto and verso pages.

Collation

The manuscript consists of ten gatherings:

  • I: 8 leaves, fols 1-8, originally bifolios, now fols 1 and 8 are separate (1, 2+7, 3+6, 4+5, 8).
  • II: 8 leaves, fols 9-16, bifolios.
  • III: 8 leaves, fols 17-24, originally bifolios, now fols 17 and 24 are separate (17, 18+23, 19+22, 20+21, 24).
  • IV: 4 leaves, fols 25-28, bifolios.
  • V: 6 leaves, fols 29-34, bifolios.
  • VI: 8 leaves, fols 35-42, bifolios.
  • VII: 10 leaves, fols 43-52, originally bifolios, now fols 43 and 52 are separate (43, 44+51, 45+50, 46+49, 47+48, 52).
  • VIII: 8 leaves, fols 53-602 singletons, 3 bifolios (53+60, 54+59, 55, 56+57, 58).
  • IX: 2 leaves, fols 61-62, singletons.
  • X: 4 leaves, fols 63-66, bifolios.

On fol. 62 a little strip along the gutter is visible, and some letters can be deciphered. When looking at the text of Martinus saga biskups, however, there does not seem to be a lacuna.

Condition

In places, particularly on fol. 53r, the text is almost illegible. The upper margins are damaged on fols 17, 19-22 and 24. The lower margins are damaged on several folios. Fols 13, 29 and 58 are torn, and the parchment has several defects, e.g. holes in fols 22 and 41. There are lacunae after fols 26, 28 and 34.

The manuscript which consists of two codices begins and ends defective. The first codex, fols 1-42, ends defective in Andreas saga postola, and the second one, fols 43-66, begins defective in the same saga; however, this is a different version.

Layout

The two parts of AM 645 4to are written by two scribes; the initials in the first part (bl. 1r-42v) are written by the first hand and are in black ink, while the initials in the other part (bl. 43r-66v) are in red ink. The text is written in long lines with 23 to 34 lines to the page in the first part, and 30 to 35 lines in the second part.

Script

The first, and older, hand wrote fols 1r-42v.

The second hand wrote fols 43r-66v. Holtsmark (Corpus Codicum Islandicorum Medii Ævi vol. XII p. 13), however, doubts this and suggest three different hands for this part of the manuscript: Hand a for fols 43r:1-29, hand b for fols 43r:30-55v:23 and hand c for fols 55v:23-66v.

Additions

On fol. 37v, left margin, there is “Þorsteirnn þorarinsson á þessa Bók nu” written in a seventeenth century hand; the name is repeated on fol. 40v, bottom margin. On fol. 39v the name “teitvr” appears, and Larsson (Isländska handskriften No. 645 4° p. iv) deciphers “Teitvr S a þessa bok” on fol. 28v.

Accompanying Material

There are eight accompanying AM-slips: The first, (a), written by Guðbrandur Björnsson (c. 1657-1733), gives an account on the possible whereabouts of the manuscript: “Postula s?gur, 4to. med æde | gamla og vanda skrift | seiger Gudbrandr Bi?orns-|son vered hafa i sinu | Barndæmi ä Munkaþverä, og hafi þær einginn lesid | gietad. firi utan einn mann | þar ï Eyafirdi. | Þad eru, liklegast þær eg ä | membrana majori 8vo. Slip (b) is a list of contents, and the other slips explain abbreviations used in the manuscript or correct readings.”

History

Origin

Kristian Kålund (Katalog vol. I p. 51) dated the manuscript to the first half of the thirteenth century. A more precise dating was made by Harald Spehr and Hreinn Benediktsson, who dated fols 1r-42v to c. 1220 (Early Icelandic Script p. xx). Didrik Arup Seip (Palæografi, B: Norge og Island p. 43) has dated the rest of the manuscrip (fols 43r-66v) to the second quarter of the thirteenth century. Holtsmark (Corpus Codicum Islandicorum Medii Ævi vol. XII p. 9) finds it reasonable to assume that the manuscript was written in or around Skálholt.

Provenance

On fol. 37v there is a marginal note from the seventeenth century in which Þorsteinn Þórarinsson is mentioned as the owner of the book. He and Teitur, mentioned on fol. 39v, could not be identified. According to Guðbrandur Björnsson's (c. 1657-1733) account on AM-slip (a), the bookblock presumably belonged to the convent of Munkaþverá in the northern part of Iceland during the seventeenth century. Guðbrandur was the son of sýslumaður Björn Magnússon (1623-97) who held the convent from 1662 to 1688, and Guðbrandur remembers the book in the convent in his youth.

Additional

Record History

Catalogued 12 May 2000 by AWS.

Custodial History

The manuscript was photographed before restoration in 1963.

Surrogates

70 mm 14 70 mm (suppl) 10

Bibliography

AuthorTitleEditorScope
Biskupa sögured. Hið Íslenzka bókmentafèlagp. 333:19-356
Isländska handskriften No. 645 4° i den Arnamagnæanska samlingen på universitetsbiblioteket i København i diplomatariskt aftrycked. Ludvig Larssonp. 1-33:27
Postola sögur: legendariske Fortællinger om Apostlernes Liv deres Kamp for Kristendommens Udbredelse samt deres Martyrdøded. C. R. Ungerp. 201-211
Heilagra Manna Søgur: Fortællinger og Legender om hellige Mænd og Kvindered. C. R. Unger1877; I-II
A Book of Miracles: MS no. 645 4to of the Arna-Magnæan Collection in the University Library of Copenhagen, ed. Anne Holtsmark1938; XII
Katalog over Den Arnamagnæanske Håndskriftsamlinged. Kristian KålundI: p. 51
Early Icelandic Script as illustrated in vernacular texts from the twelfth and thirteenth centuries, Íslenzk Handrit, Series in folioed. Hreinn Benediktsson1965; II
Didrik Arup SeipPalæografi, B: Norge og Island, Nordisk Kultur1954; XXVIII:B
Konráð GíslasonUm frum-parta Íslenzkrar túngu í fornöldp. lxii-lxvi
Ludvig Larsson“Om uttalet av, ei, au ock ey i äldre isländska”, Arkiv för Nordisk Filologi1889; p. 142-149
Didrik Arup SeipNorsk språkhistorie til omkring 1370p. 97
Harald SpehrDer ursprung der isländischen schrift und ihre weiterbildung bis zur mitte des 13. jahrhundertsp. 174
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