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Manuscript Detail

AM 327 4to

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Sverris saga; Norway or Iceland, 1290-1310

Name
Árni Magnússon 
Birth
13 November 1663 
Death
07 January 1730 
Occupation
Professor, Arkivsekretær (Secretary of the Royal Archives) 
Roles
Scholar; Author; Scribe; Poet 
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Name
Ásgeir Jónsson 
Death
27 August 1707 
Occupation
Scribe 
Roles
Scribe 
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Name
Edvardsen, Edvard 
Birth
16 November 1630 
Death
01 March 1695 
Occupation
Vice-principal, author 
Roles
Owner; Author 
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Name
Bergen 
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LATIN SMALL LETTER O WITH CURLLATIN SMALL LETTER O WITH CURL

Special character shown similar to its original form.

Name
Jón Halldórsson 
Birth
06 November 1665 
Death
27 October 1736 
Occupation
Priest 
Roles
Author; Scribe; collector 
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LATIN SMALL LETTER A WITH DOUBLE ACUTELATIN SMALL LETTER A WITH DOUBLE ACUTE

Special character shown similar to its original form.

Name
Wedervang-Jensen, Eva 
Birth
26 March 1974 
Occupation
 
Roles
Cataloguer 
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Contents

1(1v-92v)
Sverris saga
Filiation

AM 79 fol. is a copy of the manuscript and was commissioned by Árni Magnússon and written by Ásgeir Jónsson.

Language of Text

Icelandic

Keywords

1.1(1v:1-22)
Prologue
Rubric

“prologus”

Incipit

Her hefr upp oc segir fra þeim tiðidum er nu | hava verit

Explicit

“er verit ha|va i fornæskio”

1.2(1v:22-92v)
Sverris saga
Rubric

“her hefr upp Sogu Sverʀis konungs”

Incipit

Hʀoi byscop var i þann tima i Fær eyiom

Explicit

“at litit var til matarins annat en”

Bibliography

Rafn, Antiquités Russes vol. II p. 77 (Fol. 5r:20-22), 77 (Fol. 31v:13-23), 77-78 (Fols 58v:17-59r:6), 78-79 (Fol. 65v:7-17)

Physical Description

Support

Parchment.

No. of leaves
i+i+92+i+i+i and inserted paper leaves without foliation. Fol. 1r is blank. 225 mm x 153 mm.
Foliation
The manuscript is foliated in the top right-hnad corners of the recto pages.
Condition

Two leaves are missing at the end of the codex and there are two lacunae, each taking up one leaf. The first is after fol. 85, the second after fol. 86. Blank pages have been inserted between fols 85 and 86, and fols 86 and 87, and after fol. 92 for indication of the loss of text. The bottom margin of fol. 92 is cut away.

Layout

The manuscript is written in long lines with 32 lines per page. Contemporary rubrics in red. Chapter numbering and references to the content from c. 1600.

Decoration

Pen-flourished initials and plain majuscules occur in varying colours.

Additions

  • The margins have several references to the content from the sixteenth century.
  • The originally blank fol. 1r bears several small notes, and a hand from the fourteenth century wrote: “a mik |vel matu sea mik log hmadr sem | laa oc gak bort I fra”. The name of the owner once appeared at the beginning of the verse, but has later been rubbed out.
  • There is a great number of other marginal notes in the manuscript, some of them (viz. at the bottom of fols 22v, 32v, 40v and 69v) are more or less effaced.
  • Fols 25v-26r have references to a larger part of the content in Danish.
  • Fols 1r and 59r have 1 1/2 and 1 line, respectively, written in runes; the runes are more or less rubbed out.
  • Fol. 1r has an owner's verse in Old Norse and Latin and a Prayer to the Virgin in Latin (both from the fourteenth century; prayers to the Virgin are found elsewhere in the codex.
  • On fols 48v and 55v-56r partly obscene verses in Latin occur.
A few marginal drawings are also found:
  • Fols 29v and 35v> bottom margins have fantasy-coat of arms.
  • Fols 33v and 34r have flowers.
  • Fol. 34r has also a picture of a crowned king holding an axe. Most probably this is a picture of King Olav
  • Fol. 63r has a funny sketch of an old man with a long beard.
  • Fols 51r, 52r and 53r have man's heads drawn by the same man.
  • On fols 76v and 84v another man has drawn man's heads.
  • Fol. 83r, bottom margin, has a crowned lion
  • On fols 38v, 46v, 66v and 69v there are incomplete drawings of animals.

History

Origin

The manuscript was written in Norway or Iceland c. 1300. The manuscript is thought to be written in Norway by an Icelander

Provenance

Names of owners are found in the margins of fols 34r, 55v and 57r.

  • Fol. 1r: “Jstud opus afgerus fecit” whereas the name of the owner is rubbed away.
  • Fol. 55v, top margin: “Þæssa bok a ældridh”.
  • Fol. 34r, top margin: “fra Þoro sendr herra Sigurði logmanni” is written.
  • This note can be compared with a form letter on fol. 69v written by “Sigurder”.
  • On fol. 57r the name “Sigurðr presbyter Guðlaux son” appears.
The next known owner is Edvard Edvardsen, Vice-principal of Bergen, who gave the codex to Árni Magnússon.

Acquisition

In his catalogue of Icelandic parchment manuscripts, now known as AM. 435 a 4to, Árni Magnússon tells the following of the codex on fols 40v-41r: “Sverris saga 4to. elegans Codex, | mutilus in calce. Þessa bok | feck eg i Biorgvin af Mag. Ed-|vard Edvardsyne, Conrectore þar. Sverris sogu þessa 4to. hefi | eg uppskrifada in fol. med hendi Asgeirs [i.e. AM 79 fol.] og | fer hun med mier til | Danmerkur, nu 1708. | Sr Jon Halldorsson i Hitar-|dali, hafdi hana til lans | fra mier 1710. og skrif-|adi af henni Copiu firi sig.”

Additional

Record History

Catalogued 17 May 2000 by EW-J.

Surrogates

70 mm 70mm71 s.d. microfilm (master) Neg. 619 1981 Supplementary photographs microfilm (archive) Pos. 570 1981 Supplementary photographs 70 mm 70mm218 s.d. Supplementary photographs in uv-light of fols 1r-2r. diapositive AM 327 4to May 1984 Fol. 59v b/w prints AM 327 4to June 1980 Prints from the first set of photographs: 70mm71. b/w prints AM 327 4to November 1981 Prints from the second set of photographs (supplementary): Neg. 619 and Pos. 570.

Bibliography

AuthorTitleEditorScope
Saga Sverris konúngs, Fornmanna sögur1824; VIII
Sverris saga etter Cod. AM 327 4toed. Gustav Indrebøp. 1-191:19
Antiquités Russesed. C. C. RafnII: p. 77 (Fol. 5r:20-22), 77 (Fol. 31v:13-23), 77-78 (Fols 58v:17-59r:6), 78-79 (Fol. 65v:7-17)
1981
1981
1984
1980
1981
James E Knirk“Eierne av AM 327 4to på slutten av 1500-tallet”, 1981; p. 58-60
James E. Knirk“Fanden ta deg! Amen! To runenotitser i AM 327 4to”, 1981; p. 51-57
Katalog over Den Arnamagnæanske Håndskriftsamlinged. Kristian KålundI: p. 570-571
Stefán Karlsson“Islandsk bogeksport til Norge i middelalderen”, 1979; 1979: p. 1-17
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