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Manuscript Detail

AM 225 fol.

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Stjórn; Iceland, 1390-1410

Name
Árni Magnússon 
Birth
13 November 1663 
Death
07 January 1730 
Occupation
Professor, Arkivsekretær (Secretary of the Royal Archives) 
Roles
Scholar; Author; Scribe; Poet 
More Details
LATIN SMALL LETTER O WITH CURLLATIN SMALL LETTER O WITH CURL

Special character shown similar to its original form.

Name
Ormur Jónsson 
Occupation
Lögsagnari 
Roles
Owner 
More Details

Contents

No Title
Filiation

Copy of AM 226 fol. with the exception of a later insertion in 226 fol.

1(2ra-74r)
Stjórn
Bibliography

Unger: Stjórn p. 571-578, 584-591Var. app. A

Language of Text

Icelandic

Keywords
2(74ra-78vb)
Rómverja sǫgur
Language of Text

Icelandic

3(88va-101rb)
Alexanders saga
Language of Text

Icelandic

4(101ra-110ra)
Gyðinga saga
Bibliography

Guðmundur Þorláksson, Gyðinga saga

Language of Text

Icelandic

5(110ra-138va)
Vitae PatrumHeilagra feðra æfi
Language of Text

Icelandic

Physical Description

Support

Paper.

No. of leaves
140. The main part of f. 138v is blank, so is f. 139. 386 mm x 260 mm
Condition

The bottom margins of several leaves have been cut off but otherwise the manuscript is well preserved.

Layout

Written in double columns with 57-58 lines per page. Fols 1a and 139 are flyleaves.

Rubrics in red and initials in more than one colour.

Script

Various hands.

Decoration

  • Fol. 9v:27-38: Yellow initial S in 11 lines, inside a green frame with red dots, resembling Noah's ark. At the top curve of the S Noah in a red coat is building his ark with his bare hands. At the bottom curve of the S a woman in a white wimple with an angry face wagging her finger at two men, of whom one of them is slapping the other one’s face. All four people in the initials look unhappy. The extender represents a simple branch ending in a leaf at the top.
  • Fol. 23ra:26-36: Light yellow initial N in 10 lines depicting a praying and kneeling Rebecca in front of an altar, on which a head of a sheep is placed. She is receiving an answer from God who is holding his right hand with extended index and middle finger (the gesture of benediction) over her head. Dark red frame with white dots. Both the initial and the extender have foliage and the descender ends in a dark red frame with a drollery creature without any head inside it.
  • Fol. 49ra:42-50:

Additions

Fol. 1b, the prologue is a later insertion.

The foloowing note is found on fol. 1av: “Þessi Bok heꝻur Jnni Ad Hallda storrt Hundꝛad og 17 Blod og ꜳ | Eg magnus Jonſson hana med riettu gieꝻinn mieꝛ AꝻ sꜳluga Ormi | itan Ꝼe Enn epttir minn dag A hana Ad Eignnaſtt Sæmundur Eggertt-sson SkriꝻad ad Haga Anno 1661 þann 24 Januarij

Two marginal notes on the previous owners of the codex are found on fols 95r abd 107r, respectively: “Hieꝛ gaꝻ oꝛmur wpp wid at lesa | gud lene þier Ꝼiꝛi ſkemtunena oꝛmur | minn godur oc ſæll ſeiger biarne | kalꝻſſon” og “þetta er Ꝼin bok teítuꝛ aa mig ſeiger | bokin”

Fol. 139r has a drawing of a ship from the seventeenth century.

Binding

The manuscript is bound in a medieval binding: wooden boards held together by six bands. The boards have carved corner figures at both the upper and lower board. These figures, representing a snake-like figure with a human face with horns and something resembling a bell around its neck, are identical at the top and the bottom. There is, however, a small fifference between figures on the upper and lower board; the figures on the upper board have small triangular scales while the figures on the lower board have wings.

History

Origin
Kålund (

Katalog

) dated the manuscript to s. XV1. Tveitane (

p. 14

) however, dated it more precisely to c. 1400
Provenance

In AM 435 a 4to, ff. 3v-6r, Árni Magnússon wrote about this manuscript: “Hiſtoria Biblia vulgo Stiorn, deſinit qvemadmodum liber 4tus Regum. Romveria Sogur etc. Saluſtii bellum Jugurthinum et Catilinarium. Lucani Pharſalia, og ſo aukid hier og hvar nockru vid. Alexandri Magni Saga. Historia Judaica, incipiens velut liber 1us Macabæorum, deſumta ex Bibliis ſacris et Joſepho. De Juda Iſchariote et Pilato, nonnulla [Hingad til er þeſſe Codex eins og Codex Bryniolfs Þordarſonar, ſem eg nu ä.] Hieronimus Vitas Patrum. Folio magno. Þeſſa bok hefi eg feinged af Ara Þorkelsſyne anno 1697. hann af Eggert Sæmundzſyne i Midhlid (fodur Þorleifs Magnuſſſonar i Haga) til gefins ſegia ſumir, eu adrer ſeiga (ſem og sannara mun vera) ad hann hafe keypt hana af Magnuſe firi 5. hundrud i lauſafe. Magnuſe hafde bokina gefed Ormur Jonsſon i fremra (?) Gufudal circa vel ante ann. 1612.”.

To this content a slip has been added: “Þeſsa bök ä med riettu yngre Magnus Jönſſon, og var honum gefin med óllum virtum af Ormi Jonſſyni ad fremra (?) Gufudal etc. Pſalmo XXXVII. Þeir munnu eckj ſem gud öttaſt verda til skammar. Anno 1612. Þetta ſtod aptan ä Saurbladinu”. There is no trace of this note.

Acquisition
According to Árni Magnússon's account in AM 435 a 4to, he acquired this manuscript from Ari Þorkelsson in 1697.

Additional

Bibliography

AuthorTitleEditorScope
Stjórn: Gammelnorsk Bibelhistorie fra Verdens Skabelse til det babyloniske Fangenskabed. C. R. Ungerp. 571-578, 584-591
Gyðinga saga. En bearbejdelse fra midten af det 13. årh. ved Brandr Jónsson, ed. Guðmundur Þorláksson1881; 6
Heilagra Manna Søgur: Fortællinger og Legender om hellige Mænd og Kvindered. C. R. Unger1877; I-II
Katalog over Den Arnamagnæanske Håndskriftsamlinged. Kristian Kålund
Mattias Tveitane“Den lærde stil: Oversættelsesprosa i den norrøne versionen af Vitæ Patrum”, Årbok for Universitetet i Bergen: Humanistisk seriep. 14
Reidar Astås“Et oversett Stjórn-avsnitt”, p. 123-125
Reidar AståsKilder for og særtrekk ved Stjórn IV, 1992; 1: p. 55-64
Peter Foote“Introduction”, Lives of saints Perg. fol. nr. 2, in the Royal Library, Stockholm1962; p. 7-29
Jóns saga Hólabyskups ens helga, ed. Peter Foote2003; 14
Guðbjörg Kristjánsdóttir“Um endurheimta fegurð drottningar, ættingja hennar og fyrsta eiganda”, Þúsund og eitt orð sagt Sigurgeiri Steingrímssyni fimmtugum 2. október 19931993; p. 24-28
Halldór HermannssonIcelandic illuminated manuscripts of the middle ages, 1935; 7
Jakob Benediktsson“Introduction”, Catilina and Jugurtha by Sallust and Pharsalia by Lucan in Old Norse Rómverjasaga AM 595 a-b 4to, Early Icelandic manuscripts in facsimile1980; 13: p. 7-24
Jakob Benediktsson“Some observations on Stjórn and the manuscript AM 227 fol”, Gripla2004; 15: p. 7-42
Jón Helgason“Arne Magnussons erhvervelse af tre Alexandreis-håndskrifter”, p. 204-209
Jón Helgason“Gyðinga saga i Trondheim”, p. 343-376
Jón Helgason“Introduction”, Alexanders saga: Alexanders saga the Arna-Magnæan manuscript 519A, 4to1966; p. v-xxxiii
Konráð GíslasonUm frum-parta Íslenzkrar túngu í fornöldp. ix
Liepe LenaStudies in Icelandic Fourteenth Century Book Painting, Snorrastofa2009; Rit 6
Howard Martin“A fragment of Gyðinga saga”, p. 250-254
Didrik Arup SeipStjórn AM 227 fol. A Norwegian version of the Old Testament transcribed in Iceland, p.
Selma Jónsdóttir“Lýsingar Helgastaðabókar”, II: p. 90-124
Paul Skårup“Bréf Alexandri Magni. Den norrøne oversættelse af Epistola Alexandri Magni ad Aristotelem, udgivet sammen med forlægget”, p. 19-99
Peter Springborg“Types of bindings in the Arnamagnæan collection”, Care and conservation of manuscripts2000; 5: p. 129–147
Gustav Storm“De norsk-islandske bibeloversættelser fra 13de og 14de aarhundrede og biskop Brandr Jónsson”, Arkiv för nordisk filologi1886; 3: p. 244-256
Postola sögur: legendariske Fortællinger om Apostlernes Liv deres Kamp for Kristendommens Udbredelse samt deres Martyrdøded. C. R. Ungerp. xvii
Gyðinga saga, ed. Kirsten Wolf1995; 42: p. clxvi, 233 p.
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