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Manuscript Detail

AM 45 fol.

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Codex Frisianus — Fríssbók — Konungabók — Noregs konunga sǫgur; Norway or Iceland, 1300-1325

LATIN SMALL LETTER O WITH STROKE AND OGONEKLATIN SMALL LETTER O WITH STROKE AND OGONEK

Special character shown similar to its original form.

LATIN SMALL LETTER A WITH OGONEK AND ACUTELATIN SMALL LETTER A WITH OGONEK AND ACUTE

Special character shown similar to its original form.

LATIN CAPITAL LETTER J WITH ACUTELATIN CAPITAL LETTER J WITH ACUTE

Special character shown similar to its original form.

Name
Unger, Carl Rikard 
Occupation
Philologist 
Roles
Scholar 
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Name
Kålund, Kristian Peter Erasmus 
Birth
19 August 1844 
Death
04 July 1919 
Occupation
Librarian, scholar 
Roles
Scholar 
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Name
Lund, Carl 
Occupation
 
Roles
Binder 
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Name
Laurits Hanssøn 
Occupation
Lawman 
Roles
Scribe; Author 
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Name
Størssøn, Mattis 
Death
1569 
Occupation
Lawman 
Roles
Translator 
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Name
Bergen 
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Name
Norway 
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Name
Denmark 
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Name
Árni Magnússon 
Birth
13 November 1663 
Death
07 January 1730 
Occupation
Professor, Arkivsekretær (Secretary of the Royal Archives) 
Roles
Scholar; Author; Scribe; Poet 
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Name
Otto, Friis, 
Occupation
 
Roles
Owner 
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Name
Salling 
Region
Jutland 
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Name
Rosenkrantz, Jens 
Birth
28 December 1640 
Death
13 January 1695 
Occupation
Titular Councillor of State ( Etatsråd ) 
Roles
Owner 
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Name
Slangendorpius, Andreas Matthias 
Occupation
 
Roles
Owner 
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Name
Copenhagen 
Country
Denmark 
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LATIN SMALL LETTER O WITH CURLLATIN SMALL LETTER O WITH CURL

Special character shown similar to its original form.

Name
Seerup, Anne Wedel 
Birth
17 October 1976 
Occupation
 
Roles
Cataloguer 
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Name
Adams, Jonathan 
Birth
19 December 1971 
Occupation
 
Roles
Cataloguer 
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Name
by 
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Name
Oslo 
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Name
Stockholm 
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Contents

1(1ra-83va)
HeimskringlaNorerg konunga sǫgur
Author

Snorri Sturluson (1178-1241)

Language of Text

Non

Keywords
1.1(1ra-b)
Prologus
Incipit

A bok þessi let ek ríta fornar fra|sagnir vm hofðinngia þa er rikí | hafa haft a norðr londom

Explicit

“eɴ kvoðín þikkia mer sizt or stað forð. ef þꜹ ero rett | kveðin. ⁊ rꜹksamliga vpp tekin”

Bibliography

Konráð Gíslason, Um frum-parta íslenzkrar túngu í fornöld p. iv Fol. 1va:1-12

Keywords
1.2(1va-7va:11)
Ynglinga saga
Rubric

“Her hefr vpp konvnga bok | eptir savgn ara prestz froða. | Oc héfr fyrst vm þriþivnga skipti | heimsins. En sidan fra avllum noregs konvngvm.”

Incipit

KRINGLA heímsíns su | er mannfolkit byɢvir er míog | vágskorin.

Explicit

ok milldgeðr markar drottíɴ.”

Keywords
1.3(7va:12-8va:27)
Hálfdanar saga svarta
Incipit

Halfdan var þa vetr gamall | er faðir hans fell.

Explicit

ok ero þat allt kallaðir. halfdanar haagar.”

Keywords
1.4(8va:27-14rb:17)
Haralds saga hins hárfagra
Rubric

“her hefr vpp | sagu haralldz konvngs harfagra

Incipit

Haralldr tok | konvng dóm eftir feðr síɴ.

Explicit

“oll voro born eiriks friþ ok máɴ va.n”

Keywords
1.5(14rb:17-18vb:9)
Hákonar saga góðaHákonar saga Aðalsteinsfóstra
Rubric

“hakon aðalsteins fostri til konvngs tekinn.”

Incipit

Hakon aþalsteins fostri var þa a englandi er haɴ | spvrði andlat haralldz konvngs foðvr sins.

Explicit

“siti hakon | m heiðin goð morg er þioð of þiað.”

Keywords
1.6(18vb:9-21ra:20)
Haralds saga gráfeldar
Rubric

“Vpphaf svna | Eiriks ok Gvnhilldar.”

Incipit

Ejriks. seynir toko konvng | dóm i noregi.

Explicit

“hallorit velldr hva-|ro hlap silldr egíls kapa.”

Keywords
1.7(21ra:21-37ra:16)
Óláfs saga Tryggvasonar
Incipit

Astriþr het kona sv er átt hafði tryɢvi | konvngr Olafsson.

Explicit

“var eírikr jarl mi|og fyrir þeim bræðrom vm foʀ rað oll.”

Note

Between the end of this saga and the beginning of the next is written “her skal iɴ koma saga | Olafs konvngs hins helga”.

Picture of fol. 36v. The text describes the battle of Svold, year 1000.

Bibliography

Konráð Gíslason, Um frum-parta íslenzkrar túngu í fornöld p. iv Fol. 37ra:13-16

Keywords
1.8(37ra:19-41vb:24)
Magnúss saga góða
Rubric

“Vpp haf sogv magnus | konvngs híns goða. er hann kom astan or gorðum fra Jarizleifz konvngs.”

Incipit

MAgnus olafs son byriadi ferð sína | eftir jolin astan af holmgarði o|fan til al deígío borgar.

Explicit

ok hallda ek þesso riki er gvð hefir mer gefit til forraða.”

Bibliography

Konráð Gíslason, Um frum-parta íslenzkrar túngu í fornöld p. iv-v Fol. 37ra:19-28

Keywords
1.9(41vb:24-54vb)
Haralds saga harðráðaHaralds saga Sigurðarsonar
Rubric

“Vpphaf | Savgv haralldz konvngs Sigvrðar sonar

Incipit

Haralldr son | sigvrþar konvngs sýr. broðir Olafs konvngs | híns helga sammæðri

Explicit

“voro þeir siðan | allir m konvngi ok fellu m honom a englanði”

Keywords
1.10(55va-56va:18)
Óláfs saga kyrra
Incipit

OLafr var eíɴ konvngr yfir noregi eftir andlat | Magnus konvngs broðvr sins.

Explicit

“þa | hafði hann konvngr verit .víJ. vetr ok xx.”

Keywords
1.11(56va:18-60va:12)
Magnúss saga berfœtts
Rubric

“Vpphaf Magnus konvngs berfætz.”

Incipit

Magnus olafs son var tekiɴ til konvngs astr i landit.

Explicit

“Magnus konvngr var nær .xxx. at alldri er hann fell.”

Keywords
1.12(60va:13-66vb:17)
Saga Sigurðar, Eysteins ok ÓláfsMagnússona saga
Incipit

Eftir fall Magnus konvngs berfætz. | toko synir hans konvng dom i noregi.

Explicit

“var þa bæði ár ok friðr.”

Keywords
1.13(66vb:17-69va:38)
Magnúss saga blinda ok Haralds gilla
Rubric

“vpphaf | Magnus Sigvrðarsúnar.”

Incipit

Magnus son Sigvrðar konvngs var | tekiɴ til konvngs i oslu yfir land allt sva sem | alþyða hafði svarít Sigvurði konvngi.

Explicit

“haralldr konvngr var allra manna mill|daztr af fe við víni sina.”

Keywords
1.14(69va:38-73ra:5)
Sigurðar saga slembidjákns
Rubric

“Vpphaf Sigurþar | slembidiacns ok skirslvr til faðernis ser.”

Incipit

Siɢurðr het maðr er vpp fæddiz i noregi.

Explicit

“loðín | saprvð færðo þeir til tvnsbergs eɴ aɴat liðít grofo þeir þar.”

Note

This item combines material from the second half of the previous saga (Magnúss saga blinda ok Haralds gilla) and the first half of the following one ( — Haraldssonar saga), augmented with a good deal of material from GKS 1009 fol. ( — Morkinskinna); its presentation in the manuscript does not suggest that it is to be regarded as saga in its own right, but it is nevertheless printed as such in Unger's edition.

Keywords
1.15(73ra:6-75rb:19)
Saga Inga ok brœðra hansHaraldssona saga
Rubric

“Eysteinn haralldzson com vestan.”

Incipit

Siɢvrðr ok Jngi hofðo þa raðit | .vi. vetr noregi.

Explicit

“sið af sli-|kom raðom symon skalpr of híalpaz.”

Keywords
1.16(75rb:19-78rb:9)
Hákonar saga herðibreiðs
Rubric

“Vpphaf hakonar konvngs Sigvrðar sonar

Incipit

Hakon son Sigvrðar konvngs var tekíɴ til hofþingia | yfir flock þaɴ er aðr hafði fylgt. Eysteini konvngi.

Explicit

“seɴdi hon maɴ orð til biorɢyniar erlingi skacka bonda sinom þa at hann skylldi | alldri trva þeim.”

Keywords
1.17(78rb:9-83va)
Magnúss saga Erlingssonar
Incipit

SJðan er erlingr fretti | þetta. þa gerþi hann sva.

Explicit

ok hann mvndi verþa þvi meírí hermaðr eɴ jarl sem | haɴ var yngrí.”

Bibliography

Konráð Gíslason, Um frum-parta íslenzkrar túngu í fornöld p. v Fol. 83va:15-21

Keywords
2(84ra-124rb)
Hákonar saga Hákonarsonar
Author

Sturla Þórðarson (1214-84)

Incipit

A dagom Innocentij pava þess | er híɴ þriþi var m þvi nafní | i postvligo sætí.

Explicit

“er sva marga nytsamliga luti hefir eftir síg | leiíða sem þessi híɴ signaði herra hakon konvngr.”

Final Rubric

“lykr her sa-|guɴi”

Language of Text

Non

Keywords

Physical Description

Support

Parchment.

No. of leaves
124. Fols 55r and 124v are blank. 310 mm x 240 mm.
Foliation

Foliated by Kålund in red ink on the recto pages. The columns are numbered 1-331 (fols 1r-83v).

Condition

The manuscript is in good condition, but on some leaves there are tears and holes.

Layout

Written in double columns with 37 to 40 lines per column. All chapters begin with coloured initials, and each saga or important portion also begins with a large ornamented initial. The headings, which are red, are filled in after the text was written; the space left for them is sometimes too small and a few letters of the heading are separated from the rest of the text and are written in the open space between the columns.

Script

With the exception of three columns, the text was written by a professional Icelandic scribe whose hand is also known from a psalter, of which only two fragments now survive (AM 214 a fol. and AM 249 p fol.) and also a manuscript of Sverris saga and — Bǫglunga sǫgur, of which only two leaves survive (AM 325 VIII 4 c 4to).

There are three columns written in a contemporary but otherwise unknown hand, although also clearly Icelandic. This hand is found on fols 98ra-98va.

Decoration

Majuscles in red, dark red, blue and green. Examples of those on photographs of fols 30v and 36r.

The initials are ornamented with romanesque floral windings and occasionally dragon figures. In all, there are twenty of these initials. Pictures of:

  • 1r: yellow initial A with red floral windings.
  • 1v: yellow intitial K on a blue background with red floral windings.
  • 8v: yellow intitial H on a blue background with red floral windings.
  • 23v: yellow intitial O on a blue background with red floral windings
  • 29r: yellow initial O on a blue background with red floral windings
  • 37r: yellow intitial M on a blue background with red floral windings.
  • 41v: yellow intitial H on a blue background with red floral windings.
  • 56v: yellow intitial M on a blue background with red floral windings.
  • 84r: yellow intitial A with a winged dragon biting its own neck; on a blue background with red floral windings.
.

Additions

There are marginalia in Norse and Latin from the sixteenth century, and Icelandic from around 1700. On fol. 77v there are two names written with runic letters. A paper leaf containing notes from the eighteenth century is inserted at the beginning of the manuscript. In his catalogue Kålund calls it “smudsbladet” (the fly-leaf).

Binding

Parchment binding (an old sea-charter); 315 mm x 248 mm x 65 mm. New spine from 1935 by Carl Lund.

Accompanying Material

A note from the first half of the eighteenth century is written on the fly-leaf. It reads: “Arnas Magnæus in Notis ad Aronem Polyhistorem | manu propria scriptis, in Collectione Locorum ex Scripto-|ribus veteribus Is-landis, in qvibus dictus Aro nominatur, | ita scribit verbum de verbo, ut seqvitur: | "Inscriptio Historia Norvegiæ Snorronis Sturlæi, in codice, | qvi olim fuit Ottonis Frisii, nunc verò; in meo Museo asser-|vatur, emptus ab hæredibus Jani Rosencrantzii. | her hefr upp Konunga Bók, eftir Saugn Ara prestz | fróða." Hac tenus manu Arnæ Magnæi. Hic | autem ideo notatur, qvia hic seqventi columna tertiâ, pri-|mæ Lineæ, rubris literis pictæ, allegata hæc verba, totidem | vocibus exhibent; ut dubiari vix possit hanc ipsissimam | Membranam ab Arna Magnæo indigitatam esse; ut inde | cognosci possit, unde hunc Codicem nactus fuerit possessor: | qvoqve præsertim nomine eundem allegare conveniat; nec | enim alia dictæ Snorronis Historiæ manuscripta hanc asse-|runt Inscriptionem. | Iterum Arnas Magnæus in eadem locorum collectione | sua manu scripsit seqventia verba: In meo egregio Codice | Frisiano deest Vita Sancti Olavi; atqve inde nihil luminis ha-|beri potest. Hac ille. Allegaverat locum ex Snorronis Vita | Olavi Sancti, Capite 189. ubi Aro author laudatur. Verum | hic Codex non habet dictam Regis Vitam; itaqve certum est | hanc ipsam membranam esse, qvam nominat Codicem Frisianum, | ut inspectis aliis Manuscriptis Exemplaribus Historiæ Snorronis - | plenè patebit.”

A letter from 1865, together with a photographic copy of fol. 118r, enclosed in a green cardboard cover.

History

Origin

The manuscript was written in Norway, or possibly in Iceland, in the first quarter of the fourteenth century.

Provenance

Nothing is known of the history of the manuscript until the middle of the sixteenth century when Laurents Hanssøn and Mattis Størssøn, both most possibly settled in Bergen, Norway, made use of it. From Norway it was transferred to Denmark before or around 1600. In his catalogue of Icelandic parchment manuscripts, AM 435a 4to, fols 37v-38r, Árni Magnússon reports that Otto Friis in Salling owned the book, and that it later came into the possession of Jens Rosencrantz. Furthermore, Árni informs the name “Andreas Matthiæ Slangendorpius” was written in a hand from c. 1600 on a fly-leaf that he had removed when the book was bound. An Anders Madsen Slangerup published a poem in Latin - Elegiacum de strenis antiqvorum - in Copenhagen in 1603.

Acquisition

Árni Magnússon acquired the manuscript in 1696, after the death of Jens Rosencrantz. In his catalogue of Icelandic parchment manuscripts, AM 435a 4to, fols 37v-38r, Árni Magnússon writes the following about AM 45 fol.: “Snorra Sturlusonar æfe Noregs konunga. | Hakonar Saga Hakonarsonar. | folio. Bokina hefr ätt Otto | Friis i Salling. Sidan Etats-|Raad Jens Rosencrantz, og epter | hann eignadest eg bokina. a saurbladi framanvid bokina stöd, adr enn | eg hana umbinda liet: Andreas Matthiæ | Slangendorpius. Virdest mier su hond vera | hier um af anno 1600. eda kannske nockru | elldre.”

It is said that Árni was obliged to buy the whole of Rosenkrantz's library in order to get hold of this manuscript (Finnur Jónsson, Árni Magnússons Levned og Skrifter vol. 1b p. 95).

Additional

Record History

Catalogued 10 July 1999 by AWS. Amended 7 January 2005 by JA.

Custodial History

The manuscript was photographed in 1997 at the AMI.

The whole manuscript was photographed in 1981 at the AMI before restoration, and some leaves again during restoration.

AMI exhibition at the University of Copenhagen 8 November 1963

National Museum in Brede, Denmark 16 June 1967

Universitetets Oldsaksamling in Oslo, Norway 29 february 1972

Nordiska Museet in Stockholm, Sweden 12 September 1972

Malmöhus museum in Malmö, Sweden 24 April 1973

Surrogates

70 mm Neg. 242 1981 microfilm Neg. 619 1981 microfilm Pos. 570 1981 plate 110 plate 124 colour prints AM 45 fol. May 1981 sheet AM 45 fol.

Bibliography

AuthorTitleEditorScope
Codex Frisianus: En Samling af norske Konge-sagaer, Norske historiske kildeskriftfonds skriftered. C. R. Unger1871; IX
Konráð GíslasonUm frum-parta Íslenzkrar túngu í fornöldp. iv
Sögur Hákonar Sverrissonar, Guttorms Sigurðarsonar, Ínga Bárðarsonar ok Hákonar Hákonarsonar til falls Skúla hertoga, Fornmanna sögur1835; IX
Finnur JónssonÁrni Magnússons Levned og Skrifter1b: p. 95
1981
1981
1981
1981
Heimskringla: Nóregs konunga sögur af Snorri Sturluson, STUAGNLed. Finnur Jónsson1893-1901; XXIII
Sögur Noregs konúnga fra Magnúss berfætta til Magnúss Erlíngssonar, Fornmanna sögur1832; VII
Codex Frisianus (Sagas of the Kings of Norway), ed. Halldór Hermannsson1932; IV
Katalog over Den Arnamagnæanske Håndskriftsamlinged. Kristian KålundI: p. 32-33
Jonna Louis-JensenKongesagastudier: Kompilationen Hulda-Hrokkinskinna, 1977; XXXII
Gustav StormSnorre Sturlassöns Historieskrivningp. 69, 175, 187, 192 194, 200, 205, 207, 210-211, 223-226, 229, 279
Sigurd Ranessöns Procesed. Gustav Stormp. 44
Skulo Theodiri ThorlaciusAntiqvitatum borealium observationes miscellaneæII: p. xvii
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