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Manuscript Detail

AM 191 fol.

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Assorted Old Swedish Prose and Poetry; Sweden, 1485-1499

Name
Cessolis, Jacobus de 
Occupation
 
Roles
Author 
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This special character is not currently recognized (U+f1c4).

Name
Gerardus, Johannes 
Occupation
Priest 
Roles
Owner 
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Name
Vincent of Beauvais 
Occupation
Dominican monk; Author 
Roles
Author 
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Name
Margareta Nikulausdotter 
Occupation
Abess (1473-86) 
Roles
Author 
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Name
Rasmus, Nyerup, 
Birth
12 March 1759 
Death
28 June 1829 
Occupation
Librarian, Litterary historian 
Roles
Scholar 
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Name
Brenner, Elias 
Death
16 January 1717 
Occupation
Painter; Archaeologist; Numismatician 
Roles
Owner 
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Name
Árni Magnússon 
Birth
13 November 1663 
Death
07 January 1730 
Occupation
Professor, Arkivsekretær (Secretary of the Royal Archives) 
Roles
Scholar; Author; Scribe; Poet 
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Name
Wedervang-Jensen, Eva 
Birth
26 March 1974 
Occupation
 
Roles
Cataloguer 
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Name
Björk, I. 
Occupation
 
Roles
Scholar 
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Name
Stockholm 
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Name
Toldberg, Helge 
Occupation
 
Roles
Scholar 
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Name
Teleman, Ulf 
Birth
1934 
Occupation
 
Roles
Scholar 
More Details
Name
Åstrøm, Patrik 
Occupation
 
Roles
Scholar 
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Contents

1(1r-35r)
On the Game of ChessLudus Schaccorum moralisatusSchacktavelslek
Keywords

1.1(1r-35r:27)
No Title
Incipit

I gudz nampn m och til hans loff | som ær alla tinga ophof

Explicit

“ok engen for sieluwe bidher | thy gór hwar wel thet ær godh sidher”

Final Rubric

“Et sic est finis libri skakorum

Note

This is a rhymed vernacular rendition of Jacobus de Cessolis' moralising treatise on chess, composed c. 1300 in Latin, that compares the duties and obligations of various members of feudal society to the pieces in a chess game.

Language of Text

Swedish

1.2(35r:28-41)
Latin Afterword
Incipit

Anno mundi 9639 ludus skacorum | reperitur in babilonia

Explicit

“a mortuis | quam de bestia redierat in hominem etc.

Language of Text

Latin

2(36v)
Charles, son of PhillipCarolus Filius Phillippi
Rubric

“Hec copia ”

Incipit

Carolus filius phillipi

Explicit

“coronatus rex fredericum 3um

Note

This is the story of a legendary character who conquered many peoples in Europe and Asia Minor and then died in Jerusalem “In regnj suj anno xxxv”.

Language of Text

Latin

Keywords

3(37r-49r:38)
The Book of King CharlemagneKarl Magnus konungsbok
Rubric

“Karl magnus konungxbok”

Incipit

Hær sigx aff hurw karl konung | so?kte jherusalems borg ok the | hælge graff drottins wars

Explicit

“Som os miskunne ok giffwi | æwinnelika ghlædi j hymerike æ for | vtan ænda Amen”

Final Rubric

“NW ær thæt alt sagde stekaren tha | han swalt // Hwi mon jak swa hik|ka læt vt j ok giff mik drikka”

“Anno dominj Mcdxcij feria 3a infra octavas | omnium sanctorum hora decima ante | prandium Et est liber dominj johannis | gerardi cappellani monasterij | askaby Et habentur in isto libro | primo de ludo scakariorum / liber | blanzaflor / De septem sapienti|bus Et de rege magno karulo”

Note

A prose version of the episodes known as Geiplu þáttr ok Runzivals þáttr in the Icelandic — Karlamagnús saga, followed by a stanza in four verses and a note by the owner of the manuscript (the chaplain Johannes Gerardus of the Cistercian monastery at Askaby, Östergötland, Sweden).

Bibliography
Language of Text

Swedish

Keywords

4(49r:39-58r)
King AlexanderDe Alexandro regeKung Alexander
Rubric

“De alexandro rege”

Incipit

Thet war en konung aff egipto land | han het anectabanus han war een | mestare j sworte konsten

Explicit

“han skal vpho?gias j himerike | til hulka glædi læte os koma | gud fader ok son ok then hælge | anda AmeN”

Language of Text

Swedish

Keywords

5(58v-66v)
Amicus and AmeliusDe Amico et AmelioAmicus och Amelius
Rubric

“De amico et amelio duobus focijs”

Incipit

I them dagumen ok thima pipinus | war konunger j frankarike fo?d|des een pilther j bericano hans fa|dher war tyskker ok ærligen rid|dare a slæktenis wægna ok goder | oc hælager j sina lifuerne

Explicit

“The wara j strid drepne for the hel|ga cristno tro skul som sagt ær j octobri manad firi dagum epter sancti | dyonisij dag radande ok styrande | medh warom herra ihesu christo som lif|wer medh fadher ok son ok then helga | anda Amen”

Final Rubric

“Versus Nos legimus pueros rome simul esse renatos | ffallitur ardericus nescit quia pugnat amicus | Periurusque iacet rex huic reginaque gaudet | vt lepra socium socius curaret amicum | Mactat natorum puerilia colla suorum | Tag tik hær aff lærdom ok fly falsk|het oc go?m troskap oc sanning etc.

Note

This romantic legend (originally from Vincentius Bellovacensis' Speculum historiale) can also be found in the collection of moralising legends — Siælinna thrøst translated at the beginning of the fifteenth century at Vadstena Abbey from the Middle Low German — Der selen troyst.

Language of Text

Swedish

6(67r-89r:30)
Floris and BlancheflorFlores och Blanzeflor
Incipit

SOm jak j bokar scriffwath saa | Oc æwentyradh sigher j fraa | En hædhen koningh foor mmedh brandh | hæria ok o?dha sancti jacobs landh

Explicit

“nw hafwe j ho?rt thenna saghn til enda | gudh os sina nadher sendhe | thesse bok badh wenda til ríma | Eufemia drotninng j then sama tíma | lithet f?r en hon do | gudh lati os all j himerike boo Amen”

Bibliography

Klemming, Flores och Blanzaflor Ed. B

Language of Text

Swedish

7(89r:31-93r)
A Legend in Rhyme About the Repentance of a SinnerDe uno peccatore qui promeruit graciamEn syndares omvändelse
Rubric

“De vno peccatore qui promeruit graciam”

Incipit

Alt got folk j ho?ren hær til | mædan jak edher seya wil | jak hafwer eth ærende j fan thet ho?ra | jak wil thet raskelika fram fo?ra

Explicit

“maria som thenne syndare lo?ste | j allom wanda hon os tro?ste | ok bidhi for os ewerdelik | at wi faam lo?n j himerik | thet bo?r os bidia bade quinnor ok men | ther til sighiom wi alle Amen | Deo gracias”

Language of Text

Swedish

Keywords

8(93v)
Annalistic Notes from 1497
Keywords
8.1(93v:1-10)
No Title
Incipit

Item arom epther gudz byrdh M|cdxcvij tha skede thetta oppe | sancti henriks afthen

Explicit

“swa at husen skulffwe | ok alt thet j them war ok finge | mange ther aff siwkdom”

Language of Text

Swedish

8.2(93v:10-25)
No Title
Incipit

Item | om thet samma aaret om sommaren

Explicit

“ok sloo han manga til riddara | then sama daghen”

Language of Text

Swedish

8.3(93v:26-29)
No Title
Incipit

Anno milleno

Explicit

“cleri”

Language of Text

Latin

8.4(93v:30-31)
No Title
Note

Too faded to read.

9(94r-107r)
The Prose ChronicleProsaiska krönikan
Incipit

gudh ok jomffrw maria mik | nadher giffwa

Explicit

“wil tv mera wetha aff danzska | kroniken ffaar thit som tu faren”

Note

After these words half a column has been left blank. The first two sections of the chronicle are missing.

Language of Text

Swedish

Keywords

10(107v-112r)
The Short Rhymed ChronicleLilla Rimkrönikan
Incipit

jak war fo?rsta konung j go?taland reedh | thar bade ingen j skane eller wetal | jak loth them byggia ok thet vptaga | thy bo?r them go?tom skatta j alla daga

Explicit

“Drotning margit | jak vndrar hwat alla dænar hafwa giort | mædan thet ær ekke fore sport”

Note

Ends abruptly in the second verse about Queen Margrete, and the following five pages were left blank. However, the next three items (nos 11-13) were added in the sixteenth century.

Language of Text

Swedish

Keywords

11(112v-113r)
An Elegiac, Erotic Verse
Incipit

I mith hiærthæ deryppæ j | ænh sorgh

Explicit

“en annan aappaa alt som han pleger | siælff ath gøre

Language of Text

Swedish

Keywords

12(113v)
Short Reminder List
Rubric

“tiil minnes”

Language of Text

Swedish

Keywords

13(114v)
A Prayer to the Virgin
Incipit

Maria | mater gracie | mater miceri|cordie

Explicit

“tu nos | ab osste protege et ora | mortis suscipe”

Language of Text

Latin

Keywords

14(115r-123v)
On St Birgitta and Her FamilyDe genere et nepotibus BirgitteOm den heliga Birgitta och hennes släkt
Author

Margareta Clausdotter (abbess of Vadstena Monastery 1473-86)

Rubric

“ Hær æpthr skriffwas aff wara | hælgha modher sancta birgitta modhr | modher oc sidhan the hælgha bar|nen oc barna barnen som wt kommen waro aff henna hælgha bryste”

Incipit

In nomine domini Amen medh gudz nadh | haffwir jak tænkt hær saman skriffwa | wara kæra modhir sancta birgitta | slækt /

Explicit

“thy at | gudh gør mangh jærtekne widh | henna graff / hwilke som thit | komma oc kalla hænne sik til | hiælp”

Note

The twelve folia (114-125) were once an independent libellus, which at the time of the librarian Rasmus Nyerup was bound as the last part in the codex.

Bibliography

Annerstedt, Scriptores rerum svecicarum medii aevi vol. III p. 207-216

Language of Text

Swedish

Keywords

15(126r-137v)
The Tale of the Seven Wise MastersSju vise mästare
Incipit

Snarlighan ath wettha thííad medh stak|kottom ordom huad j tæna bok ær thaa | skal man mærkia ath j tænna bok warda | ro?rda warastogha istorior / ssom for|dom waaro skedda

Explicit

“thy som | han ser och ho?ro?r saa sæger han thet | Eentidh hænde thet sik saa ath tænne | bonden foor lankt bort sin æronnde”

Note

The bottom quarter of the folio has been torn off and the tale ends abruptly in the story of the third master.

Bibliography
Language of Text

Swedish

Keywords

Physical Description

Support

Paper.

No. of leaves
137 folia. Fols 35v-36r, 114r, 124r-125v are blank. 272 mm x 105 mm.
Foliation

Foliated on top-right-hand corner. From fol. 37 to 49 there is a pagination (73-97) in pencil in the outer-top corners.

Condition

Only the upper halves of fols 86 and 137 are extant. There is a lacuna between fols 93 and 94. The manuscript ends defectively.

Layout

Written in long lines with 37 to 54 lines per page; rubrics and majuscules sometimes in red.

Script

Hand I has written fols 1r-2v, 11r-12v, 126r-137v;

Hand II has written fols 3r-10v, 13r-35v, 107v-112v;

Hand III has written fol. 36v;

Hand IV has written fols 37r-93r;

Hand V has written fols 94r-107r;

Hand VI has written fols 112v-113r;

Hand VII has written fols 115r-123v.

Additions

A note on fol. 49r reads: “Anno dominj mcdxcij feria 3a infra octavas | omnium sanctorum hora decima ante | prandium Et est liber dominj johannis | gerardi cappellani monasterij | askaby Et habentur in isto libro | primo de ludo scakariorum, liber | blanzaflor De septem sapienti|bus Et de rege magne karulo”.

The annalistic notes on fol. 93v, the list of things to remember on fol. 113v as well as the marian prayer on fol. 114v are also later additions.

Binding

Bound in a, now rather worn, binding from c. 1850; 281 mm x 114 mm x 35 mm. It is a half binding of marbled paper with leather back and corners. The spine bears the title “Gamle | Svenske | Poesier” in gold.

History

Origin

The manuscript was written in the monastery of Askaby in Östergötland, Sweden, at the end of the fifteenth century. The writing on fols 112v-114v, which were originally blank, was added some time in the sixteenth century.

Provenance

In the bottom margin of fol. 115r the name “EBrenner” is written. The name refers to the antiquarian Elias Brenner, at whose auction Árni Magnússon probably bought the manuscript.

Additional

Record History

Catalogued 27 April 2000 by EW-J

Custodial History

Restored from 13 July 1998 to 3 August 1999.

Photographed in 1987.

Lent to Lund University Library (Lunds universitets bibliotek), Sweden, for the use of I. Björk from 1 April 1957 to 27 May 1959.

Lent to The Royal Library (Kungliga biblioteket), Stockholm, for the use of Helge Toldberg from 23 August to 8 September 1961.

Lent to Lund University Library (Lunds universitets bibliotek), Sweden, for the use of Ulf Teleman from 9 September 1962 to 28 January 1963.

Lent to Stockholm University Library (Stockholms universitetsbibliotek), Sweden, for the use of Patrik Åström twice: the first time from 6 March 1989 to 11 April 1990, and the second time from 29 July 1993 to 2 October 1995.

Surrogates

microfilm (master) Neg. 720 1987. microfilm (archive) Pos. 664 1987. pocket Neg. lomme59 4 August 1999 Portraits and documentation photographs before restoration. pocket Neg. lomme98 31 August 1999 b/w portraits after restoration. b/w prints AM 191 fol. 6 August 1998. b/w prints AM 191 fol. 4 August 1999 Portraits and documentation photographs before restoration. b/w prints AM 191 fol. 31 August 1999 b/w portraits after restoration.

Bibliography

AuthorTitleEditorScope
De ludo scacchorum seu de moribus hominum et officiis nobilium ac popularium : Poema Suecanum vetustum: E codice manuscripto biblioth. reg. universitatis Havned. Johan Ernst Rietz
Medeltidens dikter och rim, Samlingar utgivna av Svenska Fornskrift-Sällskapeted. Gustaf E. Klemming1881; XXV: p. 200-313
Prosadikter från Medeltiden, Samlingar utgivna av Svenska Fornskrift-Sällskapeted. Gustaf E. Klemming1887-1889; XXVIII: p. 290-341
Flores och Blanzaflor, Samlingar utgivna av Svenska Fornskrift-Sällskapeted. Gustaf E. Klemming1844; I
En Syndares Omvändelse: Ett quäde från medeltiden: efter en handskrift på Köpenhamns Universitetsbibliothek första gången udgifveted. Johan Ernst Rietz
Sveriges dramatiska litteratur till och med 1875, Samlingar utgivna av Svenska Fornskrift-Sällskapeted. Gustaf E. Klemming1863; XXI
Scriptores Rerum Danicarum Medii Aevied. Jacobus Langebek1772; I-VIII
1987
1987
1999
1999
1998
1999
1999
Gunnar BlomqvistSchacktavelslek och sju vise mästare: De ludo scaccorum. De septem sapientibus. Studier i medeltidens litteraturhistoriap. 31, 101-109
Gammeldansk Læsebog: en Håndbog i vor ældre Litteratur på Modersmåleted. C. J. Brandtp. 65
Vilhelm GödelSveriges Medeltidslitteraturp. 25, 53, 55-56, 58, 86
Katalog over Den Arnamagnæanske Håndskriftsamlinged. Kristian KålundI: p. 157-159
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