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Apocalypse with Commentary; Spain or Portugal, 1200-1299

Navn
Beja, Apringius de 
Stilling
Biskop 
Roller
Forfatter 
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Stednavn
Beja 
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Navn
Kålund, Kristian Peter Erasmus 
Fødselsdato
19. august 1844 
Dødsdato
4. juli 1919 
Stilling
Forskningsbibliotekar 
Roller
Lærd 
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Navn
Fischer, Bonifatius 
Fødselsdato
1915 
Dødsdato
1997 
Stilling
 
Roller
Lærd 
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Stednavn
Tyskland 
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Navn
Arne Magnusson 
Fødselsdato
13. november 1663 
Dødsdato
7. januar 1730 
Stilling
Professor, Arkivsekretær 
Roller
Lærd; Forfatter; Skriver; Digter 
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Navn
Montano, Benito Arias 
Fødselsdato
1527 
Dødsdato
1598 
Stilling
 
Roller
Ejer 
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Navn
Parsberg, Holger 
Fødselsdato
31. august 1636 
Dødsdato
3. maj 1692 
Stilling
Assessor i Højesteret; Etatsråd 
Roller
Ejer; Marginal 
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Navn
Rosenkrantz, Jens 
Fødselsdato
28. december 1640 
Dødsdato
13. januar 1695 
Stilling
Etatsråd 
Roller
Ejer 
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Navn
Driscoll, Matthew James 
Fødselsdato
15. maj 1954 
Stilling
 
Roller
Lærd; Katalogisator; Ejer 
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Stednavn
Århus 
Land
Danmark 
Flere detaljer
Stednavn
København 
Land
Danmark 
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Indhold

1(1r-24r)
Apocalypsis beati Ioannis Apostoli
Begynder

APOCALIPSIS ihesu christi quam dedit illi | deus palam facere seruis suis. que opor | tet fieri cito.

Tekstens sprog

Latin

Nøgleord
2(24v-97v)
Tractatus in Apocalypsin
Forfatter

Apringius de Beja

Rubrik

„Incipit Tractatus in [?] apoka|lipsin. Eruditissimi uiri | Apringi episcopi Pacensis ecclesie.“

[Final Rubric]

„EXPLICIT EXPO|SITIO APOCALIPSIS. QVAM EXPOSVIT DOM|NVS APRINGIVS EPISCOPUS. DEO GRACIAS AGO. FI|NITO LABORE ISTO. | EFPHSBDKBTBHPGKOKVPMCBPSF | KTVP.“

Bemærkning

This is the only extant copy of this commentary on the Apocalypse by Bishop Apringius of Pace (Beja, Portugal) who lived in the mid-sixth century.

Bibliografi

Férotin, Apringius

Tekstens sprog

Latin

Nøgleord

Fysisk Beskrivelse / Kodikologi

Materiale

Parchment. The entire codex is a palimpsest, deriving from four separate manuscripts, two of which are from responsorialia from the tenth or eleventh century. There are also the remains of a ninth-century Catalonian Forum Iudicum written in early Visigothic minuscule.

Antal blade
ii + 97 + ii. 201 mm x 129 mm.
Foliering

The manuscript was foliated by Kristian Kålund.

Lægfordeling

There are 13 quires, each comprising 8 leaves, with the exception of the 4th, which has 6.

  • I: fols 1-8.
  • II: fols 9-16.
  • III: fols 17-24.
  • IV: fols 25-30.
  • V: fols 31-38.
  • VI: fols 39-46.
  • VII: fols 47-54.
  • VIII: fols 55-62.
  • IX: fols 63-70.
  • X: fols 71-78.
  • XI: fols 79-86.
  • XII: fols 87-94.
  • XIII: fols 95-102.
There are quire signatures in red ink in the centre lower margin, ii-viiii, on fols 39v, 47v, 55v, 63v, 71v, 79v, 87v and 95v.

Layout

Written in one column throughout; 23 to 25 lines per page.

Skrift

Written in one hand, a practised caroline minuscule.

[Decoration]

There are red initials and headings throughout.

An initial, B, on fol. 24v, beginning Tractatus in Apocalypsin.

Tilføjet materiale

At fol. 97v, below the text and above an erased line, the name „B. Arías Montanus“ is added in red ink. Below this name there are four lines, written apparently in the seventeenth century, which read: „Barcinonæ descriptus est liber iste ex alio vetustiore manu | exarato, ann. Mxxxxij. et emptum anno M.Dc.xvj. | Agit de auctore M. Maximus Episcopus Cesarang. et de scripto Isidorus | Hispanensis Archi-episcopus, ille in chron. ann. 529 iste de Viris illustribus.“

On the front pastedown and on the lower margin of fol. 1r the name „Holger Parsbergh“ and the dates 1680 and 1682 are added.

Indbinding

Brown calfskin (Holbergbind). 211 mm x 137 mm x 68 mm, previously with two clasps.

Vedlagt materiale

A letter from Bonifatius Fischer, of the Vetus Latina Institut in Beuron, (Germany) who investigated the manuscript in 1957.

There are also four slips, three of them in Árni Magnússon's hand.

  • The first, a, which in all likelihood was written by one of Árni's amanuenses, contains information on Apringius based on Guilielmus Cave's Scriptorum ecclesiasticorum historia literaria. It reads: „Aprigius Ecclesiæ Pacensis in Hispa|nia Episcopus, et scientiâ eruditus | claruit circa ann. 540. Scripsit in-|qvit Isidorus, de scriptia c. 17. Expli | cationem Apocalypseos B Johannis | subtili sensu atque illustri sermone, | melius pene qvam veteres Eccle|siastici viri exposuisse videntur. | Interiit opus istud: Loaisa ta-|men in notis suis ad Isidori cata|logum testatur se in Hispania vidis-|se opus ingens manuscriptum | in Apocalypsin Gothicis literis exa-|ratum, ex Victorini, Isidori, ex | Aprigii libris, uti præ se tulit præ|fatio consarcinatum. Scripsit | Aprigius teste Isidoro, et alia qvæ|dam, qvorum nec nomina super-|sunt.| Guilh. Cave hist: Lit: pag 289.

    Under this is written in another ink, but possibly the same hand: „p: 409. edit: Londin:“

  • The second, b, contains a decipherment of the last line of the final rubric, which repeats the previous line, „Deo gracias ag|o finito labore isto“, using a simple displacement cipher (b is used for a, c for d etc.), and a transcription of the marginal note following it on fol. 97v.

  • The third, c, contains information on Apringius: „Aprigius, Pacis Juliæ | in Hisp. Episcopus, vixit an. | 540. Vide Isidorum | de Script C. 17. Non | Extat. Cave in char-|tophylace. | Vide quorum Gesneri | Bibliothecam voce | Aprigius.“ This last is a reference to Conradus Gesner, Bibliotheca universalis.

  • Finally, there is a small slip, d, on which Árni has calculated Arias Montano's date of birth, „1598-71=1527“, and multiplied 12000 by 5 to produce 60000.

Historie og herkomst

Proveniens

Written in Spain or Portugal in the early or mid-thirteenth century (the date 1042 („Mxxxxij“) , given in a marginal note on fol. 97v, can hardly be correct).

Herkomst

The Spanish scholar Benito Arias Montano (1527-98) has written his name on fol. 97r („B. Arias Montanus“), and may be presumed to have owned the manuscript. It came somehow into the possession of etatsråd Holger Parsberg (1636-92). Following Parsberg's death, the manuscript was bought by etatsråd Jens Rosenkrantz (1640-95), when Parsberg's library was auctioned off (23 October 1693).

Erhvervelse

The manuscript was acquired by Árni Magnússon from the estate of Jens Rosenkrantz, presumably at auction (the auction lot number 468 is written in red chalk on the fly-leaf), either in 1696 or 1697.

[Additional]

[Record History]

Catalogued 23 September 1999 by MJD.

[Availability]

The manuscript is in poor condition, due to many of the leaves being brittle and fragile and the poor quality of a number of earlier repairs; it should therefore not be used or lent out until it has been conserved.

[Custodial History]

Lent to Bonifatius Fischer, of the Vetus Latina Institut in Beuron in 1957.

On exhibition at Moesgård Museum in Århus and the Royal Library, Copenhagen, in 1999.

[Surrogates]

microfilm (master) G.neg. 160s.d. microfilm (archive) G.pos. 186s.d. b/w prints reg.nr. 75 25 January 1999 Photographs of the spine, outside covers, stitching etc. colour prints reg.nr. 102 25 January 1999 Photographs of the spine, outside covers, stitching etc. b/w prints AM 795 4to 27 January 1999 copy of G.pos. 186

Bibliografi

ForfatterTitelRedaktørOmfang
Apringius de BejaApringius de Beja, Son Commentaire de l'Apocalypse, écrit sous Theudis, Roi des Wisigoths (531-548). Publié pour la première fois d'apres le manuscrit unique de l'Université de Copenhague, Bibliothèque patriologiqueed. Dom Marius Férotin1900; I
Guilielmus CaveScriptorum ecclesiasticorum historia literaria
Gesner, ConradusBibliotheca universalis, siue Catalogus omnium scriptorum locupletissimus, in tribus linguis, Latina, Græca et Hebraica: Extantium et non extantium, veterum et recentiorum in hunc usqve diem, doctorum et indoctorum, publicatorum et in Bibliothecis latentium : Opus nouum et non in Bibliothecis tantum publicis privatisque instuendis necessarium, sed studiosis omnibus cuiuscunque artis aut scientiæ ad studia melius formanda utilissimum
1999
1999
1999
Jacob BadenKiøbenhavns Universitets-Journal1797; V
Katalog over Den Arnamagnæanske Håndskriftsamlinged. Kristian KålundII: p. 209
Mariane Overgaard„Manuscripta Rosenkrantziana“, p. 262-285
Levende ord og lysende billeder: Den middelalderlige bogkultur i Danmark: Kataloged. Erik Petersenp. 68
Apríngio Bispo de Beja: Comentário ao Apocalipse (Edição crítica), Philokaliaed. Júlio da Cunha Antunes, ed. Isidro Pereira Lamelas2007; 8
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